News: Now available. Proceedings of the Chelmsford Conference £15. A review of recent archaeology in Essex. Our Annual Report 2014 may be viewed online. Members of the Essex Society for Archaeology and History may subscribe to digital downloads of our back catalogue of publications. Use Contact Form for more information.

Sunday, 31 January 2016

Chelmsford Museum on the hunt for stolen ancient Roman coins found near Good Easter in mid-1990s | Essex Chronicle

Chelmsford Museum on the hunt for stolen ancient Roman coins found near Good Easter in mid-1990s | Essex Chronicle

Historical Association meeting: Saturday 6 February 2016

Please find details below of the next talk of the Essex HA. Please could you publicise to your members.

The 2nd meeting in 2016 of the Essex Branch of Historical Association is a talk by Prof. Roger Richardson of the Univ. of Winchester on  Servant Life in Elite Households in the Seventeenth and early Eighteenth Centuries. It is on Saturday 6th February at 2.30pm at Trinity Methodist Church , Rainsford Road , Chelmsford , CM1 2XB. 

Roger Richardson became Professor of History at the University of Winchester   in 1993. He is currently their Director of International Relations, (USA). Professor Richardson is also a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society and has been a Visiting Professor at universities in the USA. He has guest-lectured widely, served on the Council of the Economic History Society, was a member of National Academic Awards boards, has been external examiner at a number of institutions, and has supervised many research students.


Thank You Debbie Cresswell (Publicity Officer)

Saturday, 23 January 2016

Ripper Talk and Reunion at Braintree Museum: Thursday 25 February 2016

First Ripper Reunion at Braintree District Museum

Building on the popularity of former reunion events the Museum is very pleased to announce our first ever Ripper reunion. We look forward to meeting former employees of this important joinery industry based in Castle and Sible Hedingham, and also welcome all other interested parties.

The reunion will pull together exciting developments in preserving the heritage of this industry that have taken place over the last few years. The Museum has recently acquired a collection of Ripper items from the family, including photographs, woodworking tools and the office sign. A detailed history of the company and its employees was also published in 2014 by Pam and Adrian Corder-Birch, and Adrian will be giving a talk on the history of the company before the reunion starts. Copies of this book, ‘ The Works’, are available from the Museum gift shop for £14.95.

The event takes place on Thursday 25 February. At 2pm Adrian Corder-Birch will speak on the history of the company and his research. Tickets to the talk are £3 per person. The reunion will start after the talk at 3pm and is free, please just let the Museum know that you are coming so that refreshments can be arranged. We would love to talk to past employees of not just Ripper’s Ltd. but also all associated companies including Bowater Ripper Limited; Sarek Joinery Limited; Crosby Sarek Limited; Norcross Limited; Premdor Crosby Limited; JSR Joinery Limited and C. R. Timber Limited. The reunion will include the chance to see the materials in the Museum collection.

Adrian Corder-Birch said of his research into the Ripper industry, “It is vital that our industrial heritage is recorded before it is lost. Rippers joinery works was started by three brothers in Castle Hedingham in the 1890s and later moved to Sible Hedingham where it expanded and eventually employed over 600 men and women. It was conveniently located next to the former Castle and Sible Hedingham Railway Station and was served with railway sidings. A variety of wooden products were manufactured to help the war effort in the Boer, First and Second World Wars. The company was good to its employees by providing housing and was one of the first to give paid holidays”.

Jennifer Rowland, Education and Exhibitions Curator at the Museum said, ‘We are very pleased to be marking the important history of Rippers with this event. Reunions always provide a great opportunity for people to catch up with friends and discover new ones. We also use these afternoons as an opportunity for attendees to access the industry archives that we hold here, to reminisce, engage with the collections and discover new stories’.

To book tickets for the talk or a place on the reunion please call the Museum on 01376 328868 or email info@braintreemuseum.co.uk

Wednesday, 20 January 2016

ERO Online Catalogue: 'Essex Archives Online'

New look for ERO's online catalogue

Users of the Essex Record Office online catalogue, Seax, will notice a big change on Thursday 21 January.
We have been busy working on an updated version of the site, which is going to be renamed Essex Archives Online.
We have tidied the site up to give it a cleaner look, and make it easier for you to find what you are looking for. See below for a sneak preview of how the new site will look.
The main changes you will notice will be in how the site looks rather than how it works. The changes will not affect any subscriptions or information you have saved on the system.
You will still be able to access the service through the existing web address but can now also reach it directly via www.essexarchivesonline.co.uk
The site will include user guides should you need any help in navigating it, and as always you can contact us on ero.enquiry@essex.gov.uk should you need any assistance.
To allow the changes to take place, the site will not be available 9.00am-10.00am GMT on Thursday 21 January; we apologise for any inconvenience this may cause.
Happy searching!

The ERO Team

Saturday, 16 January 2016

Advertisement: Website Developer. Society to Shortlist for Tender

The Essex Society for Archaeology and History is looking to update its online presence.  It is looking to shortlist Website Developers to work with lead members. A specification has been drafted which will be sent to successful applicants with a view to inviting bids for the work required.

Applications from suitably qualified and experienced Website Developers are sought. Please contact the Society via this page enclosing a CV, websites developed and references. 

The closing date for applications will be midnight on Friday 22 January 2016.

Monday, 11 January 2016

Programme of Meetings 2016

Programme of Visits 2016

Friday 26th February 12 noon
Martello Tower, Jaywick. A talk and tour of the Martello Tower at Jaywick, including refreshments. Cost £5.00 in advance £6.00 on the day.

Saturday 19th March 2.00pm
Morant Lecture: Illustrated Talk on the History of Stebbing, followed by a tour of the Village. Venue: Friends Meeting House Stebbing Including refreshments. Cost £5.00 members, £6.00 non-members

Saturday 16th April 2pm
Great Dunmow Maltings: A picture show and tour of the building and museum. Includes refreshments. Cost £5.00 in advance £6.00 on the day Max 30.

Thursday 12th May 10.00 am
Marriages Chelmer Mill. A tour of the Mill and refreshments. Cost £5.00. (Max 15) Sorry - fully booked

Saturday 25th June 2pm
AGM at Colchester Castle Museum .Members will be able to visit the museum afterwards. Refreshments £4.00 pp.

Saturday 9th July 10.30am
Finchingfield Guildhall: Illustrated Talk and Tour of the Building and interactive museum including refreshments. Cost £10.00 in advance £11.00 on the day.

Wednesday 3rd August 10 am
Essex Fire Museum, A guided tour of the museum, includes refreshments. Cost £5.00 in advance £6.00 on the day.

Thursday 18th August 10.30am
Horham Hall. A tour of the Hall. Cost £8.50 in advance £9.50 on the day.

Saturday 17th September 2.30pm
Spencers Gardens: Guided tour of the Gardens followed by Tea and Cake. Cost £8.50 in advance £9.50 on the day.

Sunday 16th October 12.30pm for 1pm
Morant Lunch: The White Hart Braintree: Speaker is Ian Hume on solving structural problems in historic buildings. Cost £28.00. Bookings by 16th September please. Max 28

Saturday 12th November 12.30pm
EIAG Annual Meeting at Chelmsford Museum followed by a lecture on The Lost Port of Gunfleet at Holland Haven by Roger Kennell, to include refreshments. Cost free to members on production of programme card, non-members £2.00.

Further details of all events and availability are available from the Excursions Secretary, Mr. Graham Gould, 16 Osborne Road, Leyton, E10 5QW   All events to be booked via the Excursion Secretary at least 10 days prior to the event. Please enclose a stamped addressed envelope for each event, for maps and other instructions if you do not want these by email.  Cheques should be made payable to the Essex Society for Archaeology and History. If there are any transport issues in attending these events, please contact the Programme Secretary.


The visits on the Society's programme are open to members and associate members only.  The Society can accept no liability for loss or injury sustained by members attending any of its programmed events.  Members are asked to take care when visiting old buildings or sites and to alert others to any obvious risks.  Please respect the privacy of those who invite us into their homes.

Sunday, 10 January 2016

Newsletter (Winter 2016)

Members of the Essex Society for Archaeology and History will have received the latest edition of the Newsletter (Winter 2016, No. 176) this week.  In another 24-page edition, the following topics are covered:
- From the President: Adrian Corder-Birch reviews recent events held by the Society, including the Essex Industrial Heritage Fair at Braintree Museum
- The Society's Archives: a progress report
- Essex and Sussex Connections (EIAG)
- John Sadd and Sons Ltd., Builders and Timber Merchants of Maldon
- How Southend and the Royal Hotel came to build an Essex icon
- Colchester Archaeological Group Aerial Photography Project
- The Stour Valley, a Prehistoric Landscape
- The Essex Antiquary Network: John Booth (c.1694-1757)
- Rainham Hall: a note on its reopening taken from The National Trust magazine
- Morant Commemorations Fifty Years Ago
- Creature as a Baptismal Name
- Essex References in Henry Machyn's Journal
- Boydells Farmhouse, Wethersfield
- Events: EERIAC Conference, 11 June 2016
- News from Elsewhere: former State Cinema, Grays, on Heritage at Risk Register
- Oliver Rackham, obituary
- Angela Green, obituary
- Book Reviews
-- Essex Excavations
--- The Colchester Archaeologist Vol. 27 (2013/14): the Fenwick Treasure
--- From Demolition to Discovery: The Lost Mansion of Marks Hall
-- England Arise. The People, The King and The Great Revolt, by Juliet Barker

Friday, 8 January 2016

Viking man lost weighty gold ring in Essex 1,000 years ago, say archaeologists | Culture24


Essex would have apparently been just within the Dane law, maybe not as well settled and controlled as the Viking kingdom of East Anglia based in Norfolk and Suffolk. But we are now seeing this scatter of finds through north Essex, along the Cambridgeshire Suffolk border.

Wednesday, 6 January 2016

Braintree Museum. Spring 2016 Talks Programme

Braintree District Museum's 2016 Spring Talks Programme

The museum is pleased to announce its program of talks for the start of 2016, with a mixture of lunchtime and afternoon offerings.

On Wednesday 27 January 2016 at 1pm the museum's Education and Exhibitions Curator Jennifer Rowland will be starting off the season with a lunchtime talk on Braintree District and Essex's role in the Magna Carta story. Did you know that four of the twenty-five key Magna Carta barons came from Essex, that there was one Essex baron, Hugh de Burgh of Rayleigh Castle, that remained loyal to King John, or that the whole of Essex was royal forest in 1215? Find out more in this talk, especially the role of local baron Robert de Vere of Hedingham Castle. The talk will also explore what Braintree was like at the beginning of the 13th Century. Afterwards visitors are welcome to join the Curator for a free guided tour round the Magna Carta anniversary exhibition.

The former joinery company of Ripper's Ltd., Sible Hedingham, is the focus for February. On Thursday 25 February at 2pm Adrian Corder-Birch, President of the Essex Society for Archaeology and History, will speak on the history of the company. This will be followed by our first reunion event for past employees of Ripper's Ltd. and all associated companies including Bowater Ripper Limited; Sarek Joinery Limited; Crosby Sarek Limited; Norcross Limited; Premdor Crosby Limited; JSR Joinery Limited and C. R. Timber Limited. Other interested parties are also welcome to join us.

On Thursday 10 March we welcome Dr. David Rundle of the University of Essex to speak on the history of food. In a globalised economy where the supermarket can provide us with foodstuffs whatever the season and whatever their country of origin, we are liable to forget both how local food cultures can be and, equally, how long-standing the global transfer of food has been. Focusing on the 17th Century, discover more about what the English were really eating and the history of some of the foods we eat today. The talk starts at 1pm and is part of our Body Science program.

On Tuesday 19 April at 2pm Valerie and Jeff Wise will be exploring the history and development of windmills, their many uses, how they work, how to mill grain and the dangers for millers. The speakers have gained hands-on experience through volunteering at Heckington Mill in Lincolnshire, and will also cover Bocking, Stock, Finchingfield, Thaxted and other Braintree mills. To add to the experience, attendees will get the chance to try some bread made with flour milled at the 13th Century Abbey Mill in Coggeshall.

Tickets for each talk are £3 and include light refreshments. To book a place on any of the talks, or for more information, please call the museum on 01376 328868 or email info@braintreemuseum.co.uk . Community transport is also available for all of our talks. For more information please call 01376 557883.

About Braintree Museum

Braintree District Museum conserves and celebrates the history of Braintree and its surrounding areas, focusing on the District's industrial and cultural achievements and its many notable personalities. The Museum's main galleries chart the history of the town from the prehistoric era up to the 21st century, focusing on Braintree's archaeology, industry and craftsmanship. Exhibits include artefacts discovered in the local area, and dedicated galleries on Crittall Windows and Courtauld textile manufacturing. For more information visit braintreemuseum.co.uk and follow us @museumbraintree on Twitter and on Facebook.

Braintree District Museum Manor Street Braintree CM7 3HW braintreemuseum.co.uk

Contact Jennifer Rowland 01376 325266 info@ braintreemuseum.co.uk  

Tuesday, 5 January 2016

The Roman Anglican: Death of Saint Edward the Confessor.

The Roman Anglican: Death of Saint Edward the Confessor.: O God, Who didst bestow upon thy Blessed King Edward  the crown of everlasting glory:  grant us, we pray Thee;  so to venerate him on...

Theft of Coins from Chelmsford Museum: Urgent

I regret to advise you that the Chelmsford Museum have suffered a theft in the course of which 14 of a display of 16 late Roman coins were stolen. Those stolen were gold solidi of Arcadius, Honorius and Constantine III; those left were the  counterfeit coin of Honorius and one of the coins of Arcadius.
Please be on the lookout for coins on offer and notify Nick Wickenden as soon as possible. nick.wickenden@chelmsford.gov.uk phone 01245 605700
Yours
Bob

05.01.16

Essex numismatists please be aware.  Circulated urgently by the Essex Society for Archaeology and History. 

Book Review. Colchester Castle: 2000 Years of History

Colchester Museum’s new guide book was launched in December 2015 at a special evening for ‘Castle Pass’ (season ticket) holders.  The black cover is adorned by an Iron Age gold coin with barley ears and the letters CAMV for Camulodunum, the one adopted as the logo of this Society from 1985 to 2010.  Highly illustrated with objects both large and particularly small on display this 78 page one hour read tells the story of Colchester from its origin down to 1648.  The book complements rather than accompanies the visitor.  Although there is a fold out plan showing the location of key exhibits – including the Fenwick Treasure due to arrive in Spring 2016 – this book would be a difficult to follow case by case guide.  It includes an interesting account of the building of the Castle and its subsequent creation of a Museum, but does not mention the important role the Essex Archaeological Society had in its foundation.  All that said this is a fabulous book of a fabulous museum.  Tom Hodgson and Philip Wise have done a marvellous job in writing an accessible overview.  It is a must have for anyone interested in Colchester’s and Essex’s history.  Price: £6.

Monday, 4 January 2016

Prehistoric Treasure - Colchester & Ipswich Museums

Prehistoric Treasure - Colchester & Ipswich Museums

To celebrate the new display of the Burnham-on-Crouch Bronze Age hoard at Colchester Castle you're invited to join us for a day of exploration and adventure.
Sunday 24th January

Colchester Castle Museum



For the Grown-Ups

3.30pm -5pm
£3 per person (admission from 3.15pm)*
Includes tea, coffee, and cake




During the Bronze Age, people deposited thousands of bronze objects into pits, rivers, bogs, and other places in the landscape. More than half of the bronze objects from this period were deposited as part of hoards. What were these hoards for? Why did people bury them?


  Dr Rob Wiseman (Oxford Archaeology) will talk about some of the theories proposed over the last 150 years, and what hoards might tell us about the lives and societies of people who lived 3000 years ago.
 The exhibition curator and Essex's Finds Liaison Officer will be present to show objects from the hoard and answer any questions.
 Booking required. Please call 01206282964 or complete your details via our online form.

Landscape and Place Names Conference - to be held March 2017

News from the Essex Place Names Project group, supported by the Essex Society for Archaeology and History.

This Day Conference will be held at the Essex Record Office on Saturday 18th March 2017.  The key speaker will be Professor Stephen Rippon of Exeter University.  Please mark the date in your diary for 2017.  Further details from the ERO nearer the time.

Sunday, 3 January 2016

Essex Archaeology and History. Third Series. Vols. 21-30. Index (Wak - Z)

Published here online for the first time, this is the Index of the Transactions of the Essex Society for Archaeology and History (until 1985, the Essex Archaeological Society).  Contact us for more information.

Wakering, Great (cont.)
Middle Bronze Age features 28: 1, 3-4, 9, 10
Iron Age, coinage fmds 26: 75
late Iron Age/Roman  features 28:5,7,9 Anglo-Saxon features 28: 5, 7, 10
medieval and later features 28: 1, 5, 7, 8, 10
undated features 28: 7-9
Alexandra Road 28: 3, 11
Bronze Age to Roman features 26: 243-4 WW2 gun emplacement 26: 244; 28: 1, 10
Oxenham Farm
red hill (poss.) 22: 153
Roman pottery and briquetage 23: 112; 29: 213 Poynters Lane (north of), prehistoric to Roman finds 27:
248
St Nicholas Church
land adjacent, Roman/Saxon settlement 30: 210, 214
porch repairs 30: 252
Wakering, Little
19th cent. tithe commutation maps 25: 222 Abbotts Hall, restoration 21: 133
Wakes Colne
Bretts Farm, enclosure 27: 252
church plate of 24: 150
Crepping Hall 26: 272 Lane Farm
Roman metal and pottery finds 28: 182
mise. medieval and post-medieval pottery 28: 182 Normans Farm (now Normandy Hall), 14th cent. hall
with cross-wings 24: 119, 120, 121; 28:
240-3,242
Walden (Herts), and Vikings 27: 93 Walden, Little
late Saxon metalwork 28: 182-3, 183
Cloptons
poss. moated site 21: 122
timber-framed house 21: 122
Walden Abbey 27: 273; 30: 129
and College of St Mark, Audley End 26: 276 foundation of25: 113
medieval chronicle 24: 157
Walden Castle, built 25: 113
Wale, Mr, Earls Colne Priory 28: 172, 179n18 Waleram, John son of (Domesday tenant) 25: 75
Walford, Thomas, map (1803) 27: 265
Walker, Helen
et al., 'Harwich; its archaeological potential as revealed in excavations at George Street and Church Street 21: 57-91
on Old Harlow marketplace pottery assemblage 22: 108-12 'Pottery from a possible Late Medieval Kiln Dump at 77
High Road, Rayleigh' 21: 92-102
Walker, John, 'A lodging range at Newland Hall, Roxwell, Essex' 25: 160-73
Walker, Ralph S., (ed.) Thomas Twining 1734-1804:The
Record of a Tranquil Life (book review) 24: 241-3
Walkers' maps
Chelmsford (1591) 23: 103; 29: 197
Faulkner's Hall (1623) 29:229
Fryerning (1601) 26: 274
lngatestone Hall (1605) 30: 191
Moulsham Hall (1591) 30: 191
OldThomdon Hall (1598) 30: 191
Terling (1597) 28: 240


Waltham Abbey/Holy Cross


wall paintings
Ashampstead (Berks), St Clement's Church 29: 140, 144
Bapchild Church (Kent) 29: 141
Belchamp Waiter, St Mary's Church 29: 137
Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, Holy Trinity Church 29: 65, 89,
105-10, 106-7
Tey, Little, Church of St James the Less 29: 136-44,
138-43
Wenham, Little (Suffolk) 29: 142, 143, 144
Wallace, Colin, et al., 'Salvage Recording oflron Age and Roman remains at Ickleton Road, Great Chesterford' 21: 11-18
Wallasea Island 26: 169, 170; 29: 115
Wallbury Camp (fort), Great Hallingbury 21: 8; 26:61
Wailer, William Chapman, on local history 24: 151, 152;
26:199
Wallfleet, identity of 26: 168-70, 169
Wallis, Steven
and Brooks, Howard, 'Recent Archaeological Work in Great Chesterford' 22: 38-45
and Waughman, M.,Archaeology and the Landscape in the Lower Blackwater valley (book review) 29: 298
Walpole, Horace, on R. Nugent of Gosfield Hall25: 186, 187,188,190
Waltham
medieval hundred 29: 118, 119
see also Sewardstone; Sewardstone Mills
Waltham Abbey: Augustinian  Priory  (later Abbey) original foundation 24: 69
post-Conquest re-foundation 22: 160; 24: 69, 75; 25: 229;
29:207
and Epping 25: 228; 29: 116, 117; 30: 262
Netteswellbury manor 28: 237
Abbey Church 23: 108; 24: 201; 26: 252
dissolution inventory 24: 80
pre-Conquest stone churches 21: 127, 137; 22: 149, 159;
24:201
pre-Conquest timber church 24: 201
Abbey Farm (now Countryside Centre) 25: 229-30 Abbey Gardens House
Anglo-Saxon fastener find 25: 246
moated site 30: 202
proposed new Parish Centre 25: 246
stone-vaulted cellar 25: 246
Abbey Mead 24: 207
building I(Veresmead), oven 24: 80
Eppingbury estate 30: 262
Grange Yard (Abbey Farmhouse) 24: 207
Monastic Grange, Abbey gardens 21: 127, 137; 22: 159-
60;23: 146
andWeald, South (Camp) 26:45
HistoryofWalthamAbbey  (1655) (Fuller) 26:192
Waltham Abbey/Waltham Holy Cross
general
Crawter's mapping (1820s) 24: 70,76; 25: 221
manorial history 24: 69-71, 73
water mills 24: 71, 73
mise. prehistoric to Roman fmds 27: 248 Bakers Entry 24: 70,71, 73,80
Baptist chapel sites see Church Street (No. 7) and Paradise Row (below)
Boars Head Oater the Ship Inn) 24: 71-3,76,84 Church Street 24: 69-113 (inc. illustr.)
prehistoric features 24: 92, 93
Bronze Age 24: 93, 94




109



Waltham Abbey/Holy Cross


Waltham Abbey/Waltham Holy Cross, Church Street (cont.)
Roman features 24: 75-6,80, 94; 26: 105
Anglo-Saxon features 24:81,85,90,94-5
poss. structures 24: 85
medieval features 24: 75, 81,85-90
chalk-built ('clunch') structure 24: 87-9, 93, 95
structures (poss.) 24: 85, 90
post-medieval structures 24: 76, 81, 82, 84, 89, 95
No. 6 24: 69, 74-81, 75, 77-9
ovens (poss. town bakery) 24: 69,76-81, 77-9,89,
95, 111
Ritz Motors Garage site 24: 69, 73
No. 6A 24:81-4,82-4,90
'The Lawn' (later Lawns Hotel) 24: 69, 73, 82, 84
No. 7 (Baptist chapel) 22: 160; 24: 69,73-4,87,93
animal bones from 24: 109-10
artefacts (general) 24: 76, 104-9 (inc. illustr.)
pottery from 24: 75, 76, 78, 80, 81, 84, 85,93-4,95-104
(inc. illustr.) Vicarage Garden
Saxon child burials 26: 252
'Deanes House' 26: 252
mise. structures 24: 20 1
see also Abbey Church (above)
Cornmill Stream 22: 159-60; 23: 142-6, 143, 144, 145; 24:
69,85,89,90;29:207;30:212,221
Eldeworth (old enclosure) 22: 160; 24: 93, 94, 111; 26: 105,
123
'Harold's Bridge' 29: 214
Highbridge Street Almshouses 23: 109
Royal Ordnance Works see below Leverton Way 24: 69, 70,73
Lippitts Hill, wartime artillery site 30: 208
Longpool, as navigable route 29: 195, 207; 30: 212, 221-2 Orchard Gardens (nearTownmead), medieval (poss.) bone
weaving implement 27: 249 Paradise Row, Baptist chapel24: 73,74 Powdermill Lane, mill stone 27: 249
Romelands 24: 201
Royal Ordnance Works (Royal Gunpowder Factory) 25: 254,256-7;27:259,260,274;28:        198-9,200,
315;29:  190;30:212,226
17th to 19th cent. features 26: 246
Washing House, Quinton Hill 28: 225-6
see also Enfield Lock Sun Street 24: 71
No. 3b24: 93
Nos 1-5 26: 105-25 (inc. illustr.)
Roman features 23: 109; 26: 105, 107, 108, 111, 115,
116, 123
Anglo-Saxon features 26: 105, 113
medieval features 23: 109;26: 105-11, 108-9, 113,
114,115,116-17,118-25
Ditch 180 26: 107, 123-4, 125
mortar 27: 324-5, 325
post-medieval features 26: 111, 113, 114, 115, 119,
123
town bakery site 24: 71, 90,95
see also Church Street (No. 6) above Upper Cob Field, Roman artefacts 23: 109 Veresmead 24: 80
geophysical survey 29: 214
Water Street (later Church Street) 24: 71
see also Copped Hall; Sewardstone


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


Waltham,  Great almshouses 26: 212
Curate's House, work of F. Chancellor 26: 216-17
Dickeymoors, late Roman and Saxon settlement 27: 84-91 (inc. illustr.)
Langleys, farm and lodge for J. J. Tufnell (F. Chancellor)
26:208,213
medieval manor 25: 113, 115, 119
and vineyard 21:48
WW2 GHQ Line 27: 274
see also Absol Park; Broads Green; Littley Park; Pleshey
Great Park Waltham, Little
middle Iron Age settlement 22: 165; 25: 12;28: 17, 50, 52,
54,90
pottery 26: 66
Roman settlement 27:90
Little Waltham Hall, middle to late Iron Age settlement 25: 239,242
St Martin's Church 26: 218
Waltham Abbey Historical Society 24: 69, 85, 90-4 Waltham Parks see Pleshey Great Park; Pleshey Little
Park Walthamstow
Boundary Road Estate, mise. structures and WW2 balloon shed 24:201
Forest Road (No. 312), post-medieval farmstead 24: 201
former Sidney Chaplin School 24: 20 1
Low Hall Depot, medieval moated manor and features 26: 239,246
St Mary's Church 28: 257, 258
medieval church 28: 256-9
post-medieval floors 28: 259
vaults and coffin burials 28: 256,257,258,259-63,
260-1
Salisbury Hall Playing Field 25: 246 Walthamstow Mills, River Lea 23:61-2 Walton Hall27: 206,207
Walton-on-the-Naze   (formerlyWalton  le Soken) and the Dutch wars 25: 179
WW2 defences 27: 275
see also Sokens, The (Adulfesness (Aeldulvesnasa))
Waltons, Little see Steeple Bumpstead
Wanborough (Surrey), Green Lane, Roman building 24: 20;26:265,266,267
Wanstead estate, and Catherine Long 25: 221 Wanstead House, demolished 19th cent. 25: 289 Warbeck, Perkin 30: 178
Ward, Jennifer C.
Essex gentry and the county community in the 14th century
(book review)  23: 170, 171-2
'Peasants in Essex, c. 1200-c. 1340: the influences of landscape and lordship' 29: 115-21
'Sir John de Coggeshale: an Essex Knight of the Fourteenth  Century' 22: 61-6
'Wealth and Family in Early Sixteenth Century Colchester'
21: 110-17
Ward, Joseph, Colchester landowner 27: 240, 243
Ward, Ralph (W. Donyland lord of manor) 27: 239, 241,
244
Ware River 23: 57
see also Lea, River
Warenne, William de, 6th Earl of Surrey (d 1240) 26:
129
Warin atte Welle, Colchester town clerk 24: 128, 131




110


Index for Vblumes 21-30


wars
12th cent., French wars 27: 195 13th cent.
Barons' War 27: 197; 30: 152
French wars 26: 127; 27: 194, 195, 196, 197
14th cent.
Frenchwars22:63,64,65;25: 193;26: 146-50
see also Bourchier family Oohn, second lord) Scottish wars 22: 63; 24: 122; 26: 153
15th cent.,Wars of the Roses 30: 146, 149, 152 17th cent.
Anglo-Dutch wars 22: 122; 23: 57
First Dutch War 25: 175
Second Dutch War (1665-7) 25: 175, 193-4
Third Dutch War (1672-4) 25: 178-80 18th/19th cent.
French wars
and agriculture 22: 189; 26: 136-8; 27: 239,244
and Chelmsford 26: 292; 28: 315
and enclosure acts 27: 239
and Foulness farms 28: 225 and Gosfield Hall25: 189 Harwich defences
Bathside Battery 22: 153; 23: 104-5, 104; 25:
193-217 passim
Beacon Hill fort 29: 211-12
poor women's employment 27: 226-36
see also Civil War, English; Cold War; Crusades; Hundred Years' War; World Wars
Warwick, Lady, and the 'Dunmow Progressives' 24: 244 Washington, Thomas, Colchester will (1579) 22: 98 Wasketts,  Great, Basildon
I: Bronze Age hoard 29: 16
TI: Bronze Age hoard 26: 259; 29: 16 water   meadows
Coggeshall Abbey 26: 234
Sible Hedingham 26: 233, 234
water mills 30: 273
Bourne, Colchester 25: 248
Harlowbury, post-medieval22: 149, 155
Temple Mills, Leyton 22: 115, 116, 117, 118, 119
WalthamAbbey 24:71,73
water supplies and water management
Anglian Water mains replacement schemes, Gosfield/ Colne Engaine/Bardfield  Saling/Halstead 23: 137-42,138-42
Blackwater, River 26: 234
Colchester, Gosbecks 26: 261, 262, 263; 30: 216
Colne, River 26: 233, 234
East London Waterworks Company 22: 119; 23: 60, 62,
63
Essex Water Company, Brentwood Pipeline 23: 92 Maplestead, Great, pipeline 28: 222
Ongar sewerage scheme (Thames Water), Two Brewers to Stanford Rivers 23: 131-7, 132-6
Pant, River 26: 234
Rainham, Ingrebourne river 26: 254
Severn Trent Water (STW) Pipeline, Stanford le Hope
and Mucking 26: 255
Stisted Reservoir 29: 212
Ter river and Leez Priory 25: 116; 26: 234
Weald, South, Camp 26: 45
Woodham Waiter Ha1130: 182-6, 185, 189, 191-5
see also wells
Waterbeach (Cambs), Priory 27: 300


Weald, South


waterfronts
Roman, Colchester, St Peters House, St Peters Street 30: 210,213
Roman or later, Chelmsford, Kings Head Meadow 22: 149, 152
medieval/post-medieval
Barking, West Bank/Highbridge Road, Formula 1 Hotel 27:263
Waltham Abbey
Cornmill Stream 30: 221
Longpool29:  195,207;30:212,221-2
post-medieval
Beaumont Quay 28: 200, 206, 223, 224
Colchester, Hythe Quay 27: 271
HarlowWharf, The Old Barn 27: 257,258
Mistley, Maltings No. 1 27: 256-7, 257; 29: 190,212 Woolwich, North, Royal Docks Drainage Scheme 26:
245
Waterhouse, Revd Thomas, of New England, Colchester and Ipswich 26: 290-1
Watkin, Brenda, 'The buildings ofLittley Park' 25: 125-33 Watkin, Elphin, 'The spire of All Saints' Church, Maldon'
24: 136-49
Watkinson, Rev. R., of Earls Colne 28: 178 Watkinson, Samuel, Black Notley farmer 27: 228 wattle  and daub
early medieval24: 118
medieval27: 177
Heybridge Hall29: 237
Springfield/Boreham A12 Interchange 30: 25
Stansted Airport, Roundwood site 27: 176
Stebbingford 27: 116, 171
Witham, Newland Street Nos 126-128 27: 282 medieval/post-medieval, Witham, Chipping HillNos 26-28
27:286
post-medieval, Waltham Abbey, Church Street 24: 76 16th cent. (poss.), Canewdon, Gardners Farm 23: 112 17th cent., CrassingTemple, Granary 25: 81
not precisely dated
Hatfield Peverel, Sandford Quarry 27: 15,20
Stebbingford 23: 100
see also daub; stake-and-wattle construction  Waughman, M. and Wallis, Steven, Archaeology  and  the
Landscape in the Lower Blackwater valley (book review) 29: 298
Weald, South
19th cent. tithe map 25: 223 Camp
analytical survey 26: 40-6 (inc. illustr.), 51
Neolithic/early  Bronze Age features 26: 60,63-4
late Iron Age features 22: 157; 26: 40, 43-5, 44, 53-64 (inc. illustr.)
Roman period 26: 43-5, 44
Castra Exploratorum 26: 40
medieval period 26: 55,62-3
woodland and deer parkland 26: 44, 45, 53, 60
post-medieval period, parkland and quarrying 26: 44,
45-6,53,60
WW2 training area 26: 42, 43, 46, 53, 55, 60, 61, 64
South Weald Cricket Club 26: 46, 53
The Golden Fleece Inn, Brook Street see under Brentwood Lincolns, Lincolns Lane, medieval kitchen 26: 188, 189;
28: 113,114
manor of22: 81
St Peter's Church 28: 262, 263-6, 264, 265




111


Weald, South


Weald, South (cont.)
Weald Hall
former kitchen garden 27: 272
parkland 26: 46; 27: 272
demolished 25: 289; 26: 60
see also Brentwood
Wealden buildings see undeT architecture (public and commercial)
weapons see arrowheads; artillery; chapes; crossbow
boltheads/bolts; scabbards; shield fittings; spearheads; swords
Weaver, Leonard, on Harwich history 26: 195 weaving see textile-working
Webb see Chapman and Webb
Wedgwood, Josiah, and]. H. Round 29: 155 Wedmore, Treaty of27: 93,94
Weeley, Green Lane, mise. pottery 25:248
Weeley Heath, bypass and Roman/medieval sites recorded 22:  152;25:248
Wegg, George, Colchester attorney (late 18th cent.) 24: 241 Welle see Warin atte Welle
Wellesley, Long (nephew of Duke ofWellington) 25: 221
wells
prehistoric (general), Grays Thurrock, William Edwards School (poss.) 29: 19, 21, 24
Iron Age, Upminster, Hunts Hill Farm 26:251, 252; 27:
270
Roman
Abridge, London, Little 22: 149-50
Billericay, School21: 22, 26-7,45
Boreham, Great Holts Farm 26: 247
Braintree, George Yard, Braintree Youth Club 24: 27 Heybridge
Elms Farm 26: 250
Langford Road 28: 21, 23, 24, 27, 29
plant and insect remains 28: 23, 40-4
Hornchurch, South, Rainham Road 30: 215
Upminster, Hunts Hill Farm 22: 159; 27: 270; 29: 207 Anglo-Saxon
Totham, Great, Slough House Farm 21: 126-7, 132
Upminster, Hunts Hill Farm 26: 252 medieval
Colchester, Angel Yard 27: 60
Kelvedon, Church Street,The Gardens Bungalow 29: 200
Maldon
Carmelite Friary 30: 60
High Street (Post Office), ?cess-pit 23: 147-52,
147-8, 150-2
Saffron Walden, Nos 33-35 High Street (prob.) 29: 128 post-medieval  (general)
Maldon High Street, King's Head 27: 22G-2 Waltham Abbey, Church Street (? cess-pit) 24: 84
18th/19th cent., Hadstock, Church of St Botolph 24: 191 19th cent.
Chipping Ongar, Cock Tavern (poss.) 22: 143
Epping, Nos 237-255 High Street 29: 199
Stock, Pottery House 24: 192-3 Waltham Abbey, Sun Street 26: 1OS, 111
Weald, South, Weald Country Park 27: 272
not precisely  dated
Birchanger, Woodside Industrial Park (poss.) 24: 202 Braintree, Rifle Hill 30: 222
Chesterford, Great, Church of All Saints 26: 226


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


Chesterford, Little, Church of St Mary the Virgin 26: 227 Upminster, Hunts Hill Farm 25: 252
WalthamAbbey, Sun Street26: 105,106,107,111,124
Wells, H. G., and Little Easton 24:244
Wells, William Collings (Chelmsford brewer) 26: 292 Welwyn (Herts)
Roman burials 28: 282
see also Dicket Mead Wendens   Am.bo
Iron Age features 22: 26, 31; 25: 239, 243, 245
Roman period 27: 34
enclosure/structure 27: 20
villa complex 25: 239, 243-5, 244
Little Wendens deserted medieval village 25: 243 1814 Enclosure Act 25: 219
WW2 GHQ Line 27: 274
Ship Street, Shiptons Farm (extended intruded cross­ passage) 22: 180, 181
Wendon Lofts
1824 Enclosure Act 25: 219
see also Duddenhoe, manor of
Wenham, Little (Suffolk), Church wall painting 29: 142,
143, 144
Wennington
A13 survey and road improvement 27:262
prehistoric to Roman features 23: 100; 24: 197; 26: 240
medieval manor of 22: 68
Wentworth, Sir John, builds Gosfield Hall25: 185 Wessex, Earl of see Harold, Earl (later King)
West Ham see Ham, West
West, John (coach proprietor, Chipping Ongar) 29: 145, 148
West, Thomas (tallow-chandler, Stratford Broadway) 29: 145
Westcliff, architects in 24: 168
Western, Charles Callis, MP 23: 171; 29: 147 Western, Rev. Thomas, and Hungry Hall, Cressing 28:
160-1
Westley (formerly West Lee) Hall21: 52
Westley Heights, Langdon Hills Country Park 21: 52 Westminster Abbey
St Martin-le-Grand and St Mary's, Maldon 28: 142-50 (inc. illustr.)
and Thundersley and Hadleigh 27: 323-4
Westminster Domesday, and Thundersley and Hadleigh 27:323-4
Weston, Richard, Colchester will (1541) 22: 93 Wethersfield
Great Codham Hall28: 228, 243-5, 244
manorial chapel30: 248-9, 248
medieval estate 22: 61, 62, 63, 64, 65
Wharton, Henry (historian), Anglia Sacra (1691) 24: 160,
163
wheat  remains Asheldham Camp 22: 32
Chadwell St Mary County Primary School29: SS, 56 Chipping Ongar, Pleasance car park 30: 159
Waltham Abbey, Sun Street 26: 121-2, 123
wheelwrights, Tey, Great, Cob Cottage, High Street 29: 185 Wheely, John, late 17th cent. owner, Colchester Castle 24:
235,236
whetstones
medieval, Orsett causewayed enclosure 26: 227
post-medieval, Maldon Carmelite Friary 30: 119, 120
Whilton Lodge, Whilton (Northants) 26: 215







Index for Jtblumes
WhiteNodey
Roman cremation burial 24: 209
church spire 29: 286,287
Knights Templar demesne farm 28: 151, 154
landscape history 26: 133-7 (inc. illustr.)
Rev. Thomas Twining as Vicar (late 18th cent.) 24: 242 Anglian Water pipeline renewal 24: 209
White Roding see Roding, White White, William   (architect)
St Giles' Church Gt Maplestead, restoration 30: 251 St Mary's Church, Hawkwell 29: 255, 258
Whitehall Palace 25: 175, 182
Whitgift, Archbishop John 22: 97; 30: 278
Whithed, Robert, Colchester will (1502) 22: 92 Whitmore, Capt. George, RE, Harwich defences 25: 198 Whitmore, Frank  (architect) 24: 168, 184
Wicken Bonhunt
St Helen's Chapel 30: 249
Saxon inhumation cemetery 25: 239, 245
Saxon settlement 25: 239, 243, 245; 27: 340
medieval structure 27: 175, 177 Wickenden,  N. P.
The temple and other sites in the north-eastern sector of Caesaromagus (book review) 24: 239
and Tyler, S., 'A late Roman and Saxon settlement at Great
Waltham' 27: 84-91 Wickford
late Bronze Age fmds 29: 16
Roman landscape evolution 22: 48, 52
A130 By-pass, prehistoric site 26: 240
Sewage Works, cremation evidence 29: 21Q-11 Station Road, Berne Hall 30: 216
The Broadway, rear ofThe Castle public house 29: 203-4 Wickham   Bishops
19th cent. tithe commutation maps 25: 222 Church 29: 94
metalwork hoards I and II 29: 2
Sparkey Cottage, Mope Lane, poss. Iron Age site evidence
29:210
timber trestle railway viaduct 28: 186 Wickham  St Paul's, medieval assarting 29: 116
Wickhambrook  (Suffolk), Giffords Hall25: 156-7,157 Wicks, James, 19th cent. parliamentary candidate 23: 86, 87
Wid, River 28: 278
Widdington
19th cent. tithe map 25: 223 Prior's Hall Farm and Barn
medieval pottery 22: 142
porches 25: 111
Widdington Hall, poss. court hall 22: 82
Wigborough, Great, Red Hill 147 (Rabbit Hill at Abbot's Hall) 26: 65, 69-71, 70,76
Wiggs, Ralph, 18th cent. Waltham Abbey 24: 72 Wight, Isle of 29: 281
Wigingamere (Saxon burh) 27:96,97,340 Wiglaf, King of the Mercians 27:92
Wilbrahim, Thomas, lease ofTottenham Mills 23: 57 Wilburton   (Cambs)
late Bronze Age metalwork phase Boreham  (poss.) 22: 139
Harlow, Old, Gilden Way 21: 119
Ugley 28: 275
Wild, James William (architect) 29: 258-9
wildlife
birds of prey and dovecotes 28: 295,297


window glass


Weald, South, Camp 26: 46
Wilford family 24: 151
Wilkinson, T.J. and Murphy, P. L., The archaeology of the Essex Coast vol 1: the Hullbridge survey (book review) 27: 337-8
William I (the Conqueror), King 28: 142
William I ('the Lion'), King ofScodand 26: 171 William ofBoulogne, Count (King Stephen's younger
son) 28: 144
William ofHastings (steward to Henry 11) 22: 115
William of Orange 25: 181
William Rufus, grants church at Sampford 25: 271 Williams, Ann, 'The Vikings in Essex, 871-917' 27: 92-101 Williams, I. L., 'The life and times of a rural schoolmaster:
Richard Stokes of Ongar Academy' 29: 145-54
Williams,J. D.
'The noble household as a unit of consumption: the Audley End experience, 1765-1797' 23: 67-78
'The noble household as a unit of employment: Audley End,  1755-1797'24:  164-7
Williams, Lloyd, of Grays, archaeologist 26: 196 Williamson, Sir Joseph, private secretary, later Sec. of State
25:175-6,177,178,179,180,181,182
Willingale
Birds Green Lane, Shellow Bridge, late Bronze Age pottery 28:222
Church of St Andrew and All Saints 21: 122 Willingale Doe, 19th cent. tithe commutation 25: 220 Willingham  (Cambs), 16th cent. wills  22:87
Willis, William, QC, MP 23: 84-5 Wimbish
19th cent. tithe mapping 25: 224
Parsonage Farm, moated site: medieval features 27: 266
see also Seward's End; Tiptofts, Sewards End Wimborne  (Dorset), and the Saxon kings 27: 96 Wimpole  (Cambs), Dutch Elm Disease 25: 119 Winchester  (Hants), Winnall  Down  25: 262 Winchester, bishops of see Andrewes, Launcelot Windmill Field see Broomfield
windmills
Bardfield, Great 23: 95, 96
Barling, Smock Mill23: 161-5, 162-4
Bentley, Great, Sturrick Farm (poss.) 28: 195, 196; 29:
188
Bentley, Little, poss. 29: 188
Boreham, Bulls Lodge Quarry 27: 263
Boreham Airfield 28: 206, 216
Helions Bumpstead (poss.) 22: 145, 146
Prittlewell Camp (poss.) 30: 230
Sturmer (poss.) 22: 145
Terling (poss.) 25: 236, 237
window glass
Roman, Boreham, Bull's Lodge Farm 24: 17, 18 medieval
Abberton, Church of St Andrew 24: 188 Asheldham, St Lawrence's Church 21: 148
Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, Holy Trinity Church 29: 65,
88, 89, 90, 91,99
Harlow, Old, Market Street 22: 103, 112
Maldon Carmelite Friary 30: 92-3
Stebbing, Church of St Mary the Virgin 25: 251 medieval/post -medieval
Brightlingsea, Moverons Farm 27: 317
Sampford, Great, St Michael's Church 25: 275, 278





113



window glass


window glass, medieval/post-medieval (cont.)
Stebbing, Church of St Mary the Virgin 28: 122, 123,
129,130, 131
post-medieval
Harlow, Old, Market Street 22: 105, 112
Harwich 21: 89
Maldon Carmelite Friary 30: 92-3
Woodham Waiter Hall 30: 189
not precisely dated, Castle Hedingham, Maiden Ley Farm 27:33
wine bottles see vessel glass
Wingfield, Sir Robert (d 1539) 21: 54
Winnall Down, Winchester (Hants) 25: 262
Winstree, Domesday hundred 24: 240; 29: 115, 118, 119 Wire, William, on Colchester Roman bath-building 23:
120-3,121
Wiseman family (of Great Canfield) 27: 108
Witham
prehistoric (general)
enclosure 26: 231
ring ditch 21: 123
Iron Age hill fort 24: 160
Saxon burh? 27: 96, 99-lOOn, 266; 28: 140, 317; 29: 204
medieval period
craft industries 28: 111
hundred of29: 115, 119
and KnightsTemplar 27:223, 286; 28: 111, 317; 29: 299
market, Newland Street 27: 286
old Wulvesford (Wulversford) 27: 223; 28: 111,317
sgraffito ware 23: 51
post-medieval period, Witham 15oo-1 700:Making a living
(Gyford) (book review) 28:317-18 Collingwood Road, George Public House (rear), ?market
27:266
Collins Lane
medieval features 23: 102
?market 23: 102
Houchins Farm, moat 28: 206
incendiarism incident (1820s) (study reviewed) 23: 170-1 Maltings Lane
prehistoric features 27: 266; 28: 214 Roman and Saxon features 28:214 medieval features 27: 266
Wood End Farm, ?prehistoric evidence 28: 215
not precisely dated, Pondholton Farm Enclosure 28: 214
MillLane, No. 32, medieval and post-medieval features 26: 246
Newland Street 28: 318
medieval market 27: 286
Nos 126-128 27: 278-9, 28D-2, 286
ex-Blue Post Inn/Crotchet Public House 27: 279 Nos 143/147 28: 215
old Wulvesford  (Wulversford)  settlement 27: 223; 28:
111,317
pumping main, route watching brief 24: 208
The Avenue, prehistoric flint arrowhead 22: 138-9, 139
see also Chipping Hill; Ivy Chimneys; Rivenhall (Coleman's Farm)
Withersfield (Suffolk), Bronze Age hoard 29: 16
Wixoe (Suffolk), Roman pottery fmds 25: 228
Wode, Thomas, master, Gild of St Helen, Colchester 21: 104
Wolfarton (Wolfreston), Roger de, and Lionel de
Bradenham 22: 72-3
Wollaston (Northumb), double ditch (poss. boundary) 23: 45


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


women's employment see employment Wood, Anthony  (historian) 24: 160
Athenae Oxonienses (1692) 24: 161, 163; 26: 194
friend of Capt. Silas Taylor 25: 174, 177
Wood, Charles Page, 19th cent. Liberal Unionist 23: 86 Wood, Thomas atte, Colchester bailiff  (15th cent.) 21:
106
wood charcoal see charcoal wood  remains
prehistoric (general), Grays Thurrock, William Edwards
School29:21
Neolithic, Gilston, Harlow 22: 162, 164 Iron Age
Asheldham Camp 22:24,34-5,34
Stansted Airport, Car Park 22: 159; 25: 44 Roman
Colchester, Osborne Street 25: 47,48
Heybridge
Elms Farm 26: 250
Langford Road 28:21
'box burials' 28: 27
Upminster, Hunts Hill Farm 27: 270 Anglo-Saxon
Blackwater estuary 29: 274-82  (inc. illustr.)
Collins Creek 24: 193, 196, 209; 29: 275-6, 275, 281
Nass, The 29: 276, 279,280,281
Holbrook Bay, Stour estuary 29: 280 medieval
Colchester, Osborne Street 25: 48-9, 50, 51,53
CressingTemple, Granary 25: 79, 104 Maldon
High Street
Moot Hall (to north) 28: 133
Post Office 23: 149, 150, 152
Rainham, Brookway Allotments 24: 205 Waltham Abbey
Church Street 24: 111 Longpool30:221-2
post-medieval Colchester
Angel Yard 27:51
Osborne Street 25: 51, 59
St Peters House, St Peters Street 30: 213 CressingTemple, Granary 25: 79, 81, 82, 85, 86, 87,
89-92, 91, 102-3
Leytonstone, Thorne Close Avenue Estate 28: 300, 304
Rochford, South Street 28: 186
Stebbing, Church of St Mary the Virgin 28: 122 Tilbury Fort 21: 138
Waltham Abbey/Waltham Holy Cross, Royal Ordnance
Works 26: 246
Walthamstow, St Mary's Church, coffins/coffin-lining 28:259,260
Weald, South, St Peter's Church, coffms/coffm-lining 28:
265
not precisely dated
Barking, West Bank/Highbridge Road, Formula 1 Hotel 27:263
Blackwater estuary 24: 193-4; 26: 228, 229
Bradwell-on-Sea, timber stakes 28: 181
Chadwell St Mary County Primary School29: 57 Horndon-on-the-Hill, High Road, Mayfield Cottage 25:
231
Maldon, High Street (Post Office) 23: 149, 150, 151
Manningtree, 47 High Street 23: 111





114


Index for Vblumes 21-30


wood remains, not precisely dated (cont.)
Stebbingford 27: 118
Upminster, Hunts Hill Farm 25: 252 Waltham Abbey
Cornmill stream 23: 145
Longpool 29: 207
Woolwich, North, Royal Docks Drainage Scheme 26: 245
see also charcoal; dendrochronology; timber, structural Woodbridge  Grammar  School  (Suffolk)  26: 210 Woodbury,  Little  (Wilts)  25:262
Woodford Green
Broomhill Road, late medieval/early post-medieval structures  23:  111-12
Four Trees Pond 22: 160
Harts Hospital23: 110
medieval tenements 23: 110
17th cent. house 23: 110
Brewhouse, the 23: 110 Woodham   Ferrers
medieval manor 30: 148, 149, 151
'Edwards' ('Edwins Hall'), Tudor house 24: 151 Sandes/Sandis family 24: 151-2
Woodham Mortimer 25: 220; 30: 181, 187
Woodham Waiter
Neolithic stone axe 21: 118
late Bronze Age/Iron Age features 26: 78 St Michael's Church 22: 172; 25: 125, 131
Woodham Waiter Hall (site of) 22: 170; 30: 178-95 (inc. illustr.)
Bunsay Downs golf course 30: 181, 186
fish-ponds30: 182-6,183-5,189,190,193
Hawkyns Farm/Lodge 30: 181, 182, 186, 190, 191, 194
Lodge Farm 30: 178, 181
Oak Farm (formerly Oak Warren/Royal Oak, later Woodham Waiter Hall) 30: 178, 181, 182,
186, 191, 194, 195
Bronze Age gold torcs 23: 99, 113; 25: 1-2, 1
old church site 22: 17Q-3; 30: 181, 186, 190, 191, 193
medieval grave cover fmd 22: 17Q-3, 171; 30: 186
parkland 30: 178, 180, 181-2, 183-4, 190
Place Farm barn 30: 186
Tobits 30: 190
Warren Farm (House) 30: 178, 181, 182, 186, 194, 195
Whitehouse Farm 30: 181
Wilderness, The (now Falconer's Lodge) 30: 178, 180,
181, 187, 190, 193
woodlands see forests and woodlands Woodside Industrial Park see Birchanger woodworking   and  carpentry
general
early medieval houses with cross-wings 24: 118-21, 119
geometric techniques 25: 111
spires, changing joints in 29: 284-6,285, 287
medieval
Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, Holy Trinity Church 29: 76,
87-8,99
CressingTemple, Barley Barn 26: 271-2, 272-3
Fryeming, aisled barn 26:274-5 Heybridge Hall 29: 234
Sandon, StAndrew's Church, doorway 25:281-4,
282-3
13th cent., Maldon, All Saints' Church, spire 24: 136-48 (inc. illustr.)
13th/14th cent., Bradwell-on-Sea, Bradwell Hall27: 327


workhouses


14th cent.
Sampford, Great, St Michael's Church 25: 275, 277
Wethersfield, Great Codham Hall 28: 243 14th/15th cent.
Hawkwell, St Mary's Church 29: 255, 258
Maldon, Silver Street, Blue Boar Hotel 30: 243 15th cent.
Maldon High Street, King's Head 27:218
Orsett, Old Hall Farm 27: 278
Writtle, Lordship Barn 28: 245
15th cent. (circa), Hocking Hall, barn 23: 158-9, 158
15th/16th cent.
Colchester, The Red Lion Hotel25: 136, 141, 144, 146,
150,151,152-3,154,156-7
Netteswellbury, Monks Barn 28: 234, 236
16th/17th cent.
Castle Hedingham, StJames Street, High House 28:
232,233,234
Cressing, Hungry Hall 28: 162
Littlebury Hall 26: 280-4
Toppesfield, The Cottage, 59 The Causeway 30: 245 17th cent.
Cressing, Hawbush Green, Bakery Cottage 30: 238
Harlowbury, water mill remains (poss.) 22: 155 Helions Bumpstead, Boblow House 28: 238 Maldon High Street, King's Head 27: 220 Stebbing, Church of St Mary the Virgin 28: 123
17th/18th cent.
Cressing, New House Farm 28: 158
CressingTemple, Granary 25: 86, 102 18th cent.
Lambourne, Church of St Mary and All Saints 28: 254
Terling Hall Farm, cartlodge 29: 244 20th cent.
Cullens and successors, CressingTemple, Granary 25:
102-3
H. & K. Mabbitt in Birdbrook Church 22: 132-7,133, 134-6
not precisely dated,Wickham Bishops, Timber Trestle Railway Viaduct 28: 186
see also timber, structural woollen    industry
Roman 26: 76-7; 28: 86
French wars, female employment in 27: 227, 228-9 woollen  shrouds, post-medieval28:   122 Woolverstone  Hall estate  (Suffolk)  23:  169
Woolwich, pottery kilns 23: 53, 54, 55 Woolwich, North
Milk Street, Roman features 28: 209
Royal Docks Drainage Scheme 26: 245
Woolwich Arsenal, London 25: 198
Wootton, William, apothecary at Audley End 23: 72
Worcester Cathedral25: 176-7 workhouses
and treatment of paupers 26: 198; 30: 202-4 and work of Frederic Chancellor 26: 211-12
Billericay, St Andrew's Hospital (formerly Union Workhouse) 30: 212, 227
Chelmsford
House of Correction 27: 233
Union Workhouse (now St}ohn's Hospital) 26: 212 Chipping Ongar 29: 151, 152
Children's Cottage Home 30: 204
Dagenham 26: 201
Dunmow, Great 26: 212





115



workhouses


workhouses (cont.)
Epping, St Margaret's Hospital 30: 212, 228 Maldon (now St Peter's Hospital) 26: 212 Saffron Walden  30: 203,212,229
West Ham 28: 301
Writtle 27: 231
see also poor relief World Wars
and National Mapping Project 25: 234, 237; 28: 195
and Victoria Cross holders (book reviews) 24: 244; 28:
316-17
WW1
airfields see airfields Fryerning  Hall 26: 274
WW22S:256-7;26:231,234;28:315;29:    187
general, World War Two Defences Survey 26: 234, 256,
257; 27: 274-5, 275; 28: 195, 200-1; 29: 186,
191-3,192;30:206-8
A127 Southend Road 29: 191, 193 airfields see airfields
Asheldham Camp features 22: 14, 17
Audley End, anti-tank blocks 26: 256, 257; 27: 274
Benfleet, North 29: 191
Blackwater, River 28: 200,201
Bowers Gifford 29: 191
Bradwell-on-Sea, Othona Community site, tank traps 25: 64, 65, 70
Brightlingsea marshes, anti-glider ditches 28: 195
Bures, anti-tank obstacle 29: 192
Burnham-on-Crouch, minefield control tower 25: 256
Chappel Viaduct 29: 191
Chelmsford 25: 237; 29: 191, 197 Chesterford, Great
GHQ Line 27: 274
spigot mortar sites 26: 256; 28: 219 Colchester
anti-glider ditches 28: 195
defence sites 29: 191
East Bridge 29: 192
wartime bombing damage 25: 52
Colne, River, anti-invasion defences 28: 195
Colne estuary, anti-glider ditches 28: 195
Dengie, anti-aircraft batteries (Diver sites) 27: 255 Dovercourt, anti-aircraft battery 29: 186
Dunmow, Great, aircraft crash site 28: 50 Epping Forest, defence ring 26: 256; 30: 202
Frinton 27: 275
GHQ (General Headquarters) Line 26: 256; 27: 274;
29: 191;30:206
Hamford Water, defences 29: 186
Harwich 28: 200-1; 29: 186
Beacon Hill fort 29: 212
Stanier Line 28: 200
Jaywick 28: 201
Lea, River, anti-aircraft gun platform 25: 257 Lee-over-Sands 28: 20 1
London, Outer London Defence Ring 26: 256 Mersea, East, artillery 25: 256
Mersea Island 29: 191
decoy bunker 25: 256
Nazeing,Alan-Williams turret 25:257
Osea Island 28: 20 1
St Osyth 28: 20 1
Shoeburyness 27: 255
Southend Airport wartime buildings 30: 214


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


Springfield, anti-tank ditch 30: 215
Tilbury, East, Bowater's Farm, Buckland, anti-aircraft battery 26: 255-6
Tilbury, West, spigot mortar pits 26: 256
Tilbury Docks, WW2 Mulberry harbour caissons and PLUTO 26: 256
Tilty 27: 274
spigot mortar base 27: 275
TollesburyWick Marsh, poss. minefield 27: 274 Wakering, Great, Alexandra Road, gun emplacement 26:
244; 28: 1, 10
Walthamstow, Boundary Road Estate, barrage balloon shed  24:201
Walton-on-the-Naze 27: 275
Weald, South, Camp, training area 26: 42, 43, 46, 53, 55,
60, 61,64
see also Waltham Abbey/Waltham Holy Cross (Royal Ordnance Works)
see also air-raid shelters; airfields; artillery; Cold War; Essex Redoubt, Ongar; forts; Harwich (defences); hillforts; Martello towers; pill-boxes
Worlington (Suffolk), iron woolcombs 26: 77 Wormingford
StAndrew's Church 26:218
human bone 25: 232
Wormingford Mere 29: 186
Worrall, Thomas,  17th cent. gunpowder manufacturing  23: 57
worsted industry 27: 228, 229
Wotton (Bucks) 25: 190 Wrabness
aerial reconnaissance 27: 251
Hall Farm 26:247
Stone Point, Mesolithic/Neolithic flintwork 27: 248
Wright,John (15th cent. Colchesterbailitl) 21: 106 Wright, John (18th cent. Cressing landowner) 28: 156 Wright, Rev. Paul, vicar ofUgley (c. 1740s) 24: 155 Wright, Thomas (historian) 24: 157
Wright family, of Hatfield Peverel 26: 279 Writtle
landscape history and settlement 26: 133, 140-1, 140, 144
Roman features, poss. road 27: 3 medieval period
and Bruce (Brus) family 26: 171; 27: 3
hermitage at 'Bedemansberg' 27: 1, 3
royal forest 27: 1, 3
royal manor 26: 130, 140-1, 140, 171; 27: 1, 3
sgraffito ware 23: 51,53 19th cent.
Baker's mapping 25:223
'Longmeads' (private house) 26: 215
workhouse 27: 231
Birch Spring, Highwood, late Iron Age enclosure 27: 1-12 (inc. illustr.)
Hylands House 29: 204; 30:212,226
the walled kitchen garden 28: 215
King John's Hunting Lodge/Palace 21: 101; 23: 99, 110; 24:
122-4,123,224-8,225,227-8;26:14    141,
171;27:3;28:286,289;30:77
chapel 24: 124
farm24: 124
gate-house 24: 124
'Great Chamber' 24: 224, 225, 228
kitchen 24: 124
Lordship Barn 28: 228, 245-6, 246





116


Index for Vblumes 21-30


Writtle (cont.)
Lordship Road, Kitts Croft 30: 217
Parish Church of All Saints 26: 227-8; 27: 3
TheArchaeology of Essex Proceedings of the Writtle Conference
(book review) 28:314-15
see also Mill Green
Writtle Agricultural College
medieval and post-medieval features 25: 252-3
see also Writtle (King John's Hunting Lodge/Palace) above
Wyburd, Edward, and Tottenham Mills 23: 59, 60
Wye, Henry (Protestant martyr) 26: 198
Wymer, J. J. and Brown, N. R., Excavations  at North Shoebury: settlement and economy in south-east Essex 1500 BC toAD 1500 (book review) 27:
338-9
Wymondley, Little (Herts), barn at 27: 187
Wynter's Armourie, Magdalen Laver, cross-wing house 24: 120
Wyro,John, Colchester town clerk (15th cent.) 24: 129, 130
Wyseman, William, Colchester will (1557) 22: 93


Ythancaestir


Yeldham, Upper Yeldham Hall Malthouse 29: 190 Yeldham,   Great
Applegates 28: 247,248
Butler's Grove, enclosure 27: 252
High Street 28: 209
medieval manors 21: 49
Old Hall Cottages see Old Post Office Cottages below
Old Post Office Cottages, detached kitchen 26: 174-91 (inc. illustr.); 28: 113
medieval features 26: 174, 176-7, 178, 180
late medieval/post-medieval  features 26: 177-80, 178, 180
early post-medieval (post-kitchen) 26: 181, 182-3
later post-medieval (store) 26: 181--4, 182-3
finds26: 184-7,185
Yong, John, master, Gild of St Helen, Colchester (15th cent.) 21: 104
York, Carmelite Friary 30: 133 York, Duke of see James Young, Arthur  29:  145
Ythancaestir see  Bradwell-on-Sea