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Sunday, 3 January 2016

Essex Archaeology and History. Third Series. Vols. 21-30. Index (Wak - Z)

Published here online for the first time, this is the Index of the Transactions of the Essex Society for Archaeology and History (until 1985, the Essex Archaeological Society).  Contact us for more information.

Wakering, Great (cont.)
Middle Bronze Age features 28: 1, 3-4, 9, 10
Iron Age, coinage fmds 26: 75
late Iron Age/Roman  features 28:5,7,9 Anglo-Saxon features 28: 5, 7, 10
medieval and later features 28: 1, 5, 7, 8, 10
undated features 28: 7-9
Alexandra Road 28: 3, 11
Bronze Age to Roman features 26: 243-4 WW2 gun emplacement 26: 244; 28: 1, 10
Oxenham Farm
red hill (poss.) 22: 153
Roman pottery and briquetage 23: 112; 29: 213 Poynters Lane (north of), prehistoric to Roman finds 27:
248
St Nicholas Church
land adjacent, Roman/Saxon settlement 30: 210, 214
porch repairs 30: 252
Wakering, Little
19th cent. tithe commutation maps 25: 222 Abbotts Hall, restoration 21: 133
Wakes Colne
Bretts Farm, enclosure 27: 252
church plate of 24: 150
Crepping Hall 26: 272 Lane Farm
Roman metal and pottery finds 28: 182
mise. medieval and post-medieval pottery 28: 182 Normans Farm (now Normandy Hall), 14th cent. hall
with cross-wings 24: 119, 120, 121; 28:
240-3,242
Walden (Herts), and Vikings 27: 93 Walden, Little
late Saxon metalwork 28: 182-3, 183
Cloptons
poss. moated site 21: 122
timber-framed house 21: 122
Walden Abbey 27: 273; 30: 129
and College of St Mark, Audley End 26: 276 foundation of25: 113
medieval chronicle 24: 157
Walden Castle, built 25: 113
Wale, Mr, Earls Colne Priory 28: 172, 179n18 Waleram, John son of (Domesday tenant) 25: 75
Walford, Thomas, map (1803) 27: 265
Walker, Helen
et al., 'Harwich; its archaeological potential as revealed in excavations at George Street and Church Street 21: 57-91
on Old Harlow marketplace pottery assemblage 22: 108-12 'Pottery from a possible Late Medieval Kiln Dump at 77
High Road, Rayleigh' 21: 92-102
Walker, John, 'A lodging range at Newland Hall, Roxwell, Essex' 25: 160-73
Walker, Ralph S., (ed.) Thomas Twining 1734-1804:The
Record of a Tranquil Life (book review) 24: 241-3
Walkers' maps
Chelmsford (1591) 23: 103; 29: 197
Faulkner's Hall (1623) 29:229
Fryerning (1601) 26: 274
lngatestone Hall (1605) 30: 191
Moulsham Hall (1591) 30: 191
OldThomdon Hall (1598) 30: 191
Terling (1597) 28: 240


Waltham Abbey/Holy Cross


wall paintings
Ashampstead (Berks), St Clement's Church 29: 140, 144
Bapchild Church (Kent) 29: 141
Belchamp Waiter, St Mary's Church 29: 137
Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, Holy Trinity Church 29: 65, 89,
105-10, 106-7
Tey, Little, Church of St James the Less 29: 136-44,
138-43
Wenham, Little (Suffolk) 29: 142, 143, 144
Wallace, Colin, et al., 'Salvage Recording oflron Age and Roman remains at Ickleton Road, Great Chesterford' 21: 11-18
Wallasea Island 26: 169, 170; 29: 115
Wallbury Camp (fort), Great Hallingbury 21: 8; 26:61
Wailer, William Chapman, on local history 24: 151, 152;
26:199
Wallfleet, identity of 26: 168-70, 169
Wallis, Steven
and Brooks, Howard, 'Recent Archaeological Work in Great Chesterford' 22: 38-45
and Waughman, M.,Archaeology and the Landscape in the Lower Blackwater valley (book review) 29: 298
Walpole, Horace, on R. Nugent of Gosfield Hall25: 186, 187,188,190
Waltham
medieval hundred 29: 118, 119
see also Sewardstone; Sewardstone Mills
Waltham Abbey: Augustinian  Priory  (later Abbey) original foundation 24: 69
post-Conquest re-foundation 22: 160; 24: 69, 75; 25: 229;
29:207
and Epping 25: 228; 29: 116, 117; 30: 262
Netteswellbury manor 28: 237
Abbey Church 23: 108; 24: 201; 26: 252
dissolution inventory 24: 80
pre-Conquest stone churches 21: 127, 137; 22: 149, 159;
24:201
pre-Conquest timber church 24: 201
Abbey Farm (now Countryside Centre) 25: 229-30 Abbey Gardens House
Anglo-Saxon fastener find 25: 246
moated site 30: 202
proposed new Parish Centre 25: 246
stone-vaulted cellar 25: 246
Abbey Mead 24: 207
building I(Veresmead), oven 24: 80
Eppingbury estate 30: 262
Grange Yard (Abbey Farmhouse) 24: 207
Monastic Grange, Abbey gardens 21: 127, 137; 22: 159-
60;23: 146
andWeald, South (Camp) 26:45
HistoryofWalthamAbbey  (1655) (Fuller) 26:192
Waltham Abbey/Waltham Holy Cross
general
Crawter's mapping (1820s) 24: 70,76; 25: 221
manorial history 24: 69-71, 73
water mills 24: 71, 73
mise. prehistoric to Roman fmds 27: 248 Bakers Entry 24: 70,71, 73,80
Baptist chapel sites see Church Street (No. 7) and Paradise Row (below)
Boars Head Oater the Ship Inn) 24: 71-3,76,84 Church Street 24: 69-113 (inc. illustr.)
prehistoric features 24: 92, 93
Bronze Age 24: 93, 94




109



Waltham Abbey/Holy Cross


Waltham Abbey/Waltham Holy Cross, Church Street (cont.)
Roman features 24: 75-6,80, 94; 26: 105
Anglo-Saxon features 24:81,85,90,94-5
poss. structures 24: 85
medieval features 24: 75, 81,85-90
chalk-built ('clunch') structure 24: 87-9, 93, 95
structures (poss.) 24: 85, 90
post-medieval structures 24: 76, 81, 82, 84, 89, 95
No. 6 24: 69, 74-81, 75, 77-9
ovens (poss. town bakery) 24: 69,76-81, 77-9,89,
95, 111
Ritz Motors Garage site 24: 69, 73
No. 6A 24:81-4,82-4,90
'The Lawn' (later Lawns Hotel) 24: 69, 73, 82, 84
No. 7 (Baptist chapel) 22: 160; 24: 69,73-4,87,93
animal bones from 24: 109-10
artefacts (general) 24: 76, 104-9 (inc. illustr.)
pottery from 24: 75, 76, 78, 80, 81, 84, 85,93-4,95-104
(inc. illustr.) Vicarage Garden
Saxon child burials 26: 252
'Deanes House' 26: 252
mise. structures 24: 20 1
see also Abbey Church (above)
Cornmill Stream 22: 159-60; 23: 142-6, 143, 144, 145; 24:
69,85,89,90;29:207;30:212,221
Eldeworth (old enclosure) 22: 160; 24: 93, 94, 111; 26: 105,
123
'Harold's Bridge' 29: 214
Highbridge Street Almshouses 23: 109
Royal Ordnance Works see below Leverton Way 24: 69, 70,73
Lippitts Hill, wartime artillery site 30: 208
Longpool, as navigable route 29: 195, 207; 30: 212, 221-2 Orchard Gardens (nearTownmead), medieval (poss.) bone
weaving implement 27: 249 Paradise Row, Baptist chapel24: 73,74 Powdermill Lane, mill stone 27: 249
Romelands 24: 201
Royal Ordnance Works (Royal Gunpowder Factory) 25: 254,256-7;27:259,260,274;28:        198-9,200,
315;29:  190;30:212,226
17th to 19th cent. features 26: 246
Washing House, Quinton Hill 28: 225-6
see also Enfield Lock Sun Street 24: 71
No. 3b24: 93
Nos 1-5 26: 105-25 (inc. illustr.)
Roman features 23: 109; 26: 105, 107, 108, 111, 115,
116, 123
Anglo-Saxon features 26: 105, 113
medieval features 23: 109;26: 105-11, 108-9, 113,
114,115,116-17,118-25
Ditch 180 26: 107, 123-4, 125
mortar 27: 324-5, 325
post-medieval features 26: 111, 113, 114, 115, 119,
123
town bakery site 24: 71, 90,95
see also Church Street (No. 6) above Upper Cob Field, Roman artefacts 23: 109 Veresmead 24: 80
geophysical survey 29: 214
Water Street (later Church Street) 24: 71
see also Copped Hall; Sewardstone


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


Waltham,  Great almshouses 26: 212
Curate's House, work of F. Chancellor 26: 216-17
Dickeymoors, late Roman and Saxon settlement 27: 84-91 (inc. illustr.)
Langleys, farm and lodge for J. J. Tufnell (F. Chancellor)
26:208,213
medieval manor 25: 113, 115, 119
and vineyard 21:48
WW2 GHQ Line 27: 274
see also Absol Park; Broads Green; Littley Park; Pleshey
Great Park Waltham, Little
middle Iron Age settlement 22: 165; 25: 12;28: 17, 50, 52,
54,90
pottery 26: 66
Roman settlement 27:90
Little Waltham Hall, middle to late Iron Age settlement 25: 239,242
St Martin's Church 26: 218
Waltham Abbey Historical Society 24: 69, 85, 90-4 Waltham Parks see Pleshey Great Park; Pleshey Little
Park Walthamstow
Boundary Road Estate, mise. structures and WW2 balloon shed 24:201
Forest Road (No. 312), post-medieval farmstead 24: 201
former Sidney Chaplin School 24: 20 1
Low Hall Depot, medieval moated manor and features 26: 239,246
St Mary's Church 28: 257, 258
medieval church 28: 256-9
post-medieval floors 28: 259
vaults and coffin burials 28: 256,257,258,259-63,
260-1
Salisbury Hall Playing Field 25: 246 Walthamstow Mills, River Lea 23:61-2 Walton Hall27: 206,207
Walton-on-the-Naze   (formerlyWalton  le Soken) and the Dutch wars 25: 179
WW2 defences 27: 275
see also Sokens, The (Adulfesness (Aeldulvesnasa))
Waltons, Little see Steeple Bumpstead
Wanborough (Surrey), Green Lane, Roman building 24: 20;26:265,266,267
Wanstead estate, and Catherine Long 25: 221 Wanstead House, demolished 19th cent. 25: 289 Warbeck, Perkin 30: 178
Ward, Jennifer C.
Essex gentry and the county community in the 14th century
(book review)  23: 170, 171-2
'Peasants in Essex, c. 1200-c. 1340: the influences of landscape and lordship' 29: 115-21
'Sir John de Coggeshale: an Essex Knight of the Fourteenth  Century' 22: 61-6
'Wealth and Family in Early Sixteenth Century Colchester'
21: 110-17
Ward, Joseph, Colchester landowner 27: 240, 243
Ward, Ralph (W. Donyland lord of manor) 27: 239, 241,
244
Ware River 23: 57
see also Lea, River
Warenne, William de, 6th Earl of Surrey (d 1240) 26:
129
Warin atte Welle, Colchester town clerk 24: 128, 131




110


Index for Vblumes 21-30


wars
12th cent., French wars 27: 195 13th cent.
Barons' War 27: 197; 30: 152
French wars 26: 127; 27: 194, 195, 196, 197
14th cent.
Frenchwars22:63,64,65;25: 193;26: 146-50
see also Bourchier family Oohn, second lord) Scottish wars 22: 63; 24: 122; 26: 153
15th cent.,Wars of the Roses 30: 146, 149, 152 17th cent.
Anglo-Dutch wars 22: 122; 23: 57
First Dutch War 25: 175
Second Dutch War (1665-7) 25: 175, 193-4
Third Dutch War (1672-4) 25: 178-80 18th/19th cent.
French wars
and agriculture 22: 189; 26: 136-8; 27: 239,244
and Chelmsford 26: 292; 28: 315
and enclosure acts 27: 239
and Foulness farms 28: 225 and Gosfield Hall25: 189 Harwich defences
Bathside Battery 22: 153; 23: 104-5, 104; 25:
193-217 passim
Beacon Hill fort 29: 211-12
poor women's employment 27: 226-36
see also Civil War, English; Cold War; Crusades; Hundred Years' War; World Wars
Warwick, Lady, and the 'Dunmow Progressives' 24: 244 Washington, Thomas, Colchester will (1579) 22: 98 Wasketts,  Great, Basildon
I: Bronze Age hoard 29: 16
TI: Bronze Age hoard 26: 259; 29: 16 water   meadows
Coggeshall Abbey 26: 234
Sible Hedingham 26: 233, 234
water mills 30: 273
Bourne, Colchester 25: 248
Harlowbury, post-medieval22: 149, 155
Temple Mills, Leyton 22: 115, 116, 117, 118, 119
WalthamAbbey 24:71,73
water supplies and water management
Anglian Water mains replacement schemes, Gosfield/ Colne Engaine/Bardfield  Saling/Halstead 23: 137-42,138-42
Blackwater, River 26: 234
Colchester, Gosbecks 26: 261, 262, 263; 30: 216
Colne, River 26: 233, 234
East London Waterworks Company 22: 119; 23: 60, 62,
63
Essex Water Company, Brentwood Pipeline 23: 92 Maplestead, Great, pipeline 28: 222
Ongar sewerage scheme (Thames Water), Two Brewers to Stanford Rivers 23: 131-7, 132-6
Pant, River 26: 234
Rainham, Ingrebourne river 26: 254
Severn Trent Water (STW) Pipeline, Stanford le Hope
and Mucking 26: 255
Stisted Reservoir 29: 212
Ter river and Leez Priory 25: 116; 26: 234
Weald, South, Camp 26: 45
Woodham Waiter Ha1130: 182-6, 185, 189, 191-5
see also wells
Waterbeach (Cambs), Priory 27: 300


Weald, South


waterfronts
Roman, Colchester, St Peters House, St Peters Street 30: 210,213
Roman or later, Chelmsford, Kings Head Meadow 22: 149, 152
medieval/post-medieval
Barking, West Bank/Highbridge Road, Formula 1 Hotel 27:263
Waltham Abbey
Cornmill Stream 30: 221
Longpool29:  195,207;30:212,221-2
post-medieval
Beaumont Quay 28: 200, 206, 223, 224
Colchester, Hythe Quay 27: 271
HarlowWharf, The Old Barn 27: 257,258
Mistley, Maltings No. 1 27: 256-7, 257; 29: 190,212 Woolwich, North, Royal Docks Drainage Scheme 26:
245
Waterhouse, Revd Thomas, of New England, Colchester and Ipswich 26: 290-1
Watkin, Brenda, 'The buildings ofLittley Park' 25: 125-33 Watkin, Elphin, 'The spire of All Saints' Church, Maldon'
24: 136-49
Watkinson, Rev. R., of Earls Colne 28: 178 Watkinson, Samuel, Black Notley farmer 27: 228 wattle  and daub
early medieval24: 118
medieval27: 177
Heybridge Hall29: 237
Springfield/Boreham A12 Interchange 30: 25
Stansted Airport, Roundwood site 27: 176
Stebbingford 27: 116, 171
Witham, Newland Street Nos 126-128 27: 282 medieval/post-medieval, Witham, Chipping HillNos 26-28
27:286
post-medieval, Waltham Abbey, Church Street 24: 76 16th cent. (poss.), Canewdon, Gardners Farm 23: 112 17th cent., CrassingTemple, Granary 25: 81
not precisely dated
Hatfield Peverel, Sandford Quarry 27: 15,20
Stebbingford 23: 100
see also daub; stake-and-wattle construction  Waughman, M. and Wallis, Steven, Archaeology  and  the
Landscape in the Lower Blackwater valley (book review) 29: 298
Weald, South
19th cent. tithe map 25: 223 Camp
analytical survey 26: 40-6 (inc. illustr.), 51
Neolithic/early  Bronze Age features 26: 60,63-4
late Iron Age features 22: 157; 26: 40, 43-5, 44, 53-64 (inc. illustr.)
Roman period 26: 43-5, 44
Castra Exploratorum 26: 40
medieval period 26: 55,62-3
woodland and deer parkland 26: 44, 45, 53, 60
post-medieval period, parkland and quarrying 26: 44,
45-6,53,60
WW2 training area 26: 42, 43, 46, 53, 55, 60, 61, 64
South Weald Cricket Club 26: 46, 53
The Golden Fleece Inn, Brook Street see under Brentwood Lincolns, Lincolns Lane, medieval kitchen 26: 188, 189;
28: 113,114
manor of22: 81
St Peter's Church 28: 262, 263-6, 264, 265




111


Weald, South


Weald, South (cont.)
Weald Hall
former kitchen garden 27: 272
parkland 26: 46; 27: 272
demolished 25: 289; 26: 60
see also Brentwood
Wealden buildings see undeT architecture (public and commercial)
weapons see arrowheads; artillery; chapes; crossbow
boltheads/bolts; scabbards; shield fittings; spearheads; swords
Weaver, Leonard, on Harwich history 26: 195 weaving see textile-working
Webb see Chapman and Webb
Wedgwood, Josiah, and]. H. Round 29: 155 Wedmore, Treaty of27: 93,94
Weeley, Green Lane, mise. pottery 25:248
Weeley Heath, bypass and Roman/medieval sites recorded 22:  152;25:248
Wegg, George, Colchester attorney (late 18th cent.) 24: 241 Welle see Warin atte Welle
Wellesley, Long (nephew of Duke ofWellington) 25: 221
wells
prehistoric (general), Grays Thurrock, William Edwards School (poss.) 29: 19, 21, 24
Iron Age, Upminster, Hunts Hill Farm 26:251, 252; 27:
270
Roman
Abridge, London, Little 22: 149-50
Billericay, School21: 22, 26-7,45
Boreham, Great Holts Farm 26: 247
Braintree, George Yard, Braintree Youth Club 24: 27 Heybridge
Elms Farm 26: 250
Langford Road 28: 21, 23, 24, 27, 29
plant and insect remains 28: 23, 40-4
Hornchurch, South, Rainham Road 30: 215
Upminster, Hunts Hill Farm 22: 159; 27: 270; 29: 207 Anglo-Saxon
Totham, Great, Slough House Farm 21: 126-7, 132
Upminster, Hunts Hill Farm 26: 252 medieval
Colchester, Angel Yard 27: 60
Kelvedon, Church Street,The Gardens Bungalow 29: 200
Maldon
Carmelite Friary 30: 60
High Street (Post Office), ?cess-pit 23: 147-52,
147-8, 150-2
Saffron Walden, Nos 33-35 High Street (prob.) 29: 128 post-medieval  (general)
Maldon High Street, King's Head 27: 22G-2 Waltham Abbey, Church Street (? cess-pit) 24: 84
18th/19th cent., Hadstock, Church of St Botolph 24: 191 19th cent.
Chipping Ongar, Cock Tavern (poss.) 22: 143
Epping, Nos 237-255 High Street 29: 199
Stock, Pottery House 24: 192-3 Waltham Abbey, Sun Street 26: 1OS, 111
Weald, South, Weald Country Park 27: 272
not precisely  dated
Birchanger, Woodside Industrial Park (poss.) 24: 202 Braintree, Rifle Hill 30: 222
Chesterford, Great, Church of All Saints 26: 226


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


Chesterford, Little, Church of St Mary the Virgin 26: 227 Upminster, Hunts Hill Farm 25: 252
WalthamAbbey, Sun Street26: 105,106,107,111,124
Wells, H. G., and Little Easton 24:244
Wells, William Collings (Chelmsford brewer) 26: 292 Welwyn (Herts)
Roman burials 28: 282
see also Dicket Mead Wendens   Am.bo
Iron Age features 22: 26, 31; 25: 239, 243, 245
Roman period 27: 34
enclosure/structure 27: 20
villa complex 25: 239, 243-5, 244
Little Wendens deserted medieval village 25: 243 1814 Enclosure Act 25: 219
WW2 GHQ Line 27: 274
Ship Street, Shiptons Farm (extended intruded cross­ passage) 22: 180, 181
Wendon Lofts
1824 Enclosure Act 25: 219
see also Duddenhoe, manor of
Wenham, Little (Suffolk), Church wall painting 29: 142,
143, 144
Wennington
A13 survey and road improvement 27:262
prehistoric to Roman features 23: 100; 24: 197; 26: 240
medieval manor of 22: 68
Wentworth, Sir John, builds Gosfield Hall25: 185 Wessex, Earl of see Harold, Earl (later King)
West Ham see Ham, West
West, John (coach proprietor, Chipping Ongar) 29: 145, 148
West, Thomas (tallow-chandler, Stratford Broadway) 29: 145
Westcliff, architects in 24: 168
Western, Charles Callis, MP 23: 171; 29: 147 Western, Rev. Thomas, and Hungry Hall, Cressing 28:
160-1
Westley (formerly West Lee) Hall21: 52
Westley Heights, Langdon Hills Country Park 21: 52 Westminster Abbey
St Martin-le-Grand and St Mary's, Maldon 28: 142-50 (inc. illustr.)
and Thundersley and Hadleigh 27: 323-4
Westminster Domesday, and Thundersley and Hadleigh 27:323-4
Weston, Richard, Colchester will (1541) 22: 93 Wethersfield
Great Codham Hall28: 228, 243-5, 244
manorial chapel30: 248-9, 248
medieval estate 22: 61, 62, 63, 64, 65
Wharton, Henry (historian), Anglia Sacra (1691) 24: 160,
163
wheat  remains Asheldham Camp 22: 32
Chadwell St Mary County Primary School29: SS, 56 Chipping Ongar, Pleasance car park 30: 159
Waltham Abbey, Sun Street 26: 121-2, 123
wheelwrights, Tey, Great, Cob Cottage, High Street 29: 185 Wheely, John, late 17th cent. owner, Colchester Castle 24:
235,236
whetstones
medieval, Orsett causewayed enclosure 26: 227
post-medieval, Maldon Carmelite Friary 30: 119, 120
Whilton Lodge, Whilton (Northants) 26: 215







Index for Jtblumes
WhiteNodey
Roman cremation burial 24: 209
church spire 29: 286,287
Knights Templar demesne farm 28: 151, 154
landscape history 26: 133-7 (inc. illustr.)
Rev. Thomas Twining as Vicar (late 18th cent.) 24: 242 Anglian Water pipeline renewal 24: 209
White Roding see Roding, White White, William   (architect)
St Giles' Church Gt Maplestead, restoration 30: 251 St Mary's Church, Hawkwell 29: 255, 258
Whitehall Palace 25: 175, 182
Whitgift, Archbishop John 22: 97; 30: 278
Whithed, Robert, Colchester will (1502) 22: 92 Whitmore, Capt. George, RE, Harwich defences 25: 198 Whitmore, Frank  (architect) 24: 168, 184
Wicken Bonhunt
St Helen's Chapel 30: 249
Saxon inhumation cemetery 25: 239, 245
Saxon settlement 25: 239, 243, 245; 27: 340
medieval structure 27: 175, 177 Wickenden,  N. P.
The temple and other sites in the north-eastern sector of Caesaromagus (book review) 24: 239
and Tyler, S., 'A late Roman and Saxon settlement at Great
Waltham' 27: 84-91 Wickford
late Bronze Age fmds 29: 16
Roman landscape evolution 22: 48, 52
A130 By-pass, prehistoric site 26: 240
Sewage Works, cremation evidence 29: 21Q-11 Station Road, Berne Hall 30: 216
The Broadway, rear ofThe Castle public house 29: 203-4 Wickham   Bishops
19th cent. tithe commutation maps 25: 222 Church 29: 94
metalwork hoards I and II 29: 2
Sparkey Cottage, Mope Lane, poss. Iron Age site evidence
29:210
timber trestle railway viaduct 28: 186 Wickham  St Paul's, medieval assarting 29: 116
Wickhambrook  (Suffolk), Giffords Hall25: 156-7,157 Wicks, James, 19th cent. parliamentary candidate 23: 86, 87
Wid, River 28: 278
Widdington
19th cent. tithe map 25: 223 Prior's Hall Farm and Barn
medieval pottery 22: 142
porches 25: 111
Widdington Hall, poss. court hall 22: 82
Wigborough, Great, Red Hill 147 (Rabbit Hill at Abbot's Hall) 26: 65, 69-71, 70,76
Wiggs, Ralph, 18th cent. Waltham Abbey 24: 72 Wight, Isle of 29: 281
Wigingamere (Saxon burh) 27:96,97,340 Wiglaf, King of the Mercians 27:92
Wilbrahim, Thomas, lease ofTottenham Mills 23: 57 Wilburton   (Cambs)
late Bronze Age metalwork phase Boreham  (poss.) 22: 139
Harlow, Old, Gilden Way 21: 119
Ugley 28: 275
Wild, James William (architect) 29: 258-9
wildlife
birds of prey and dovecotes 28: 295,297


window glass


Weald, South, Camp 26: 46
Wilford family 24: 151
Wilkinson, T.J. and Murphy, P. L., The archaeology of the Essex Coast vol 1: the Hullbridge survey (book review) 27: 337-8
William I (the Conqueror), King 28: 142
William I ('the Lion'), King ofScodand 26: 171 William ofBoulogne, Count (King Stephen's younger
son) 28: 144
William ofHastings (steward to Henry 11) 22: 115
William of Orange 25: 181
William Rufus, grants church at Sampford 25: 271 Williams, Ann, 'The Vikings in Essex, 871-917' 27: 92-101 Williams, I. L., 'The life and times of a rural schoolmaster:
Richard Stokes of Ongar Academy' 29: 145-54
Williams,J. D.
'The noble household as a unit of consumption: the Audley End experience, 1765-1797' 23: 67-78
'The noble household as a unit of employment: Audley End,  1755-1797'24:  164-7
Williams, Lloyd, of Grays, archaeologist 26: 196 Williamson, Sir Joseph, private secretary, later Sec. of State
25:175-6,177,178,179,180,181,182
Willingale
Birds Green Lane, Shellow Bridge, late Bronze Age pottery 28:222
Church of St Andrew and All Saints 21: 122 Willingale Doe, 19th cent. tithe commutation 25: 220 Willingham  (Cambs), 16th cent. wills  22:87
Willis, William, QC, MP 23: 84-5 Wimbish
19th cent. tithe mapping 25: 224
Parsonage Farm, moated site: medieval features 27: 266
see also Seward's End; Tiptofts, Sewards End Wimborne  (Dorset), and the Saxon kings 27: 96 Wimpole  (Cambs), Dutch Elm Disease 25: 119 Winchester  (Hants), Winnall  Down  25: 262 Winchester, bishops of see Andrewes, Launcelot Windmill Field see Broomfield
windmills
Bardfield, Great 23: 95, 96
Barling, Smock Mill23: 161-5, 162-4
Bentley, Great, Sturrick Farm (poss.) 28: 195, 196; 29:
188
Bentley, Little, poss. 29: 188
Boreham, Bulls Lodge Quarry 27: 263
Boreham Airfield 28: 206, 216
Helions Bumpstead (poss.) 22: 145, 146
Prittlewell Camp (poss.) 30: 230
Sturmer (poss.) 22: 145
Terling (poss.) 25: 236, 237
window glass
Roman, Boreham, Bull's Lodge Farm 24: 17, 18 medieval
Abberton, Church of St Andrew 24: 188 Asheldham, St Lawrence's Church 21: 148
Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, Holy Trinity Church 29: 65,
88, 89, 90, 91,99
Harlow, Old, Market Street 22: 103, 112
Maldon Carmelite Friary 30: 92-3
Stebbing, Church of St Mary the Virgin 25: 251 medieval/post -medieval
Brightlingsea, Moverons Farm 27: 317
Sampford, Great, St Michael's Church 25: 275, 278





113



window glass


window glass, medieval/post-medieval (cont.)
Stebbing, Church of St Mary the Virgin 28: 122, 123,
129,130, 131
post-medieval
Harlow, Old, Market Street 22: 105, 112
Harwich 21: 89
Maldon Carmelite Friary 30: 92-3
Woodham Waiter Hall 30: 189
not precisely dated, Castle Hedingham, Maiden Ley Farm 27:33
wine bottles see vessel glass
Wingfield, Sir Robert (d 1539) 21: 54
Winnall Down, Winchester (Hants) 25: 262
Winstree, Domesday hundred 24: 240; 29: 115, 118, 119 Wire, William, on Colchester Roman bath-building 23:
120-3,121
Wiseman family (of Great Canfield) 27: 108
Witham
prehistoric (general)
enclosure 26: 231
ring ditch 21: 123
Iron Age hill fort 24: 160
Saxon burh? 27: 96, 99-lOOn, 266; 28: 140, 317; 29: 204
medieval period
craft industries 28: 111
hundred of29: 115, 119
and KnightsTemplar 27:223, 286; 28: 111, 317; 29: 299
market, Newland Street 27: 286
old Wulvesford (Wulversford) 27: 223; 28: 111,317
sgraffito ware 23: 51
post-medieval period, Witham 15oo-1 700:Making a living
(Gyford) (book review) 28:317-18 Collingwood Road, George Public House (rear), ?market
27:266
Collins Lane
medieval features 23: 102
?market 23: 102
Houchins Farm, moat 28: 206
incendiarism incident (1820s) (study reviewed) 23: 170-1 Maltings Lane
prehistoric features 27: 266; 28: 214 Roman and Saxon features 28:214 medieval features 27: 266
Wood End Farm, ?prehistoric evidence 28: 215
not precisely dated, Pondholton Farm Enclosure 28: 214
MillLane, No. 32, medieval and post-medieval features 26: 246
Newland Street 28: 318
medieval market 27: 286
Nos 126-128 27: 278-9, 28D-2, 286
ex-Blue Post Inn/Crotchet Public House 27: 279 Nos 143/147 28: 215
old Wulvesford  (Wulversford)  settlement 27: 223; 28:
111,317
pumping main, route watching brief 24: 208
The Avenue, prehistoric flint arrowhead 22: 138-9, 139
see also Chipping Hill; Ivy Chimneys; Rivenhall (Coleman's Farm)
Withersfield (Suffolk), Bronze Age hoard 29: 16
Wixoe (Suffolk), Roman pottery fmds 25: 228
Wode, Thomas, master, Gild of St Helen, Colchester 21: 104
Wolfarton (Wolfreston), Roger de, and Lionel de
Bradenham 22: 72-3
Wollaston (Northumb), double ditch (poss. boundary) 23: 45


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


women's employment see employment Wood, Anthony  (historian) 24: 160
Athenae Oxonienses (1692) 24: 161, 163; 26: 194
friend of Capt. Silas Taylor 25: 174, 177
Wood, Charles Page, 19th cent. Liberal Unionist 23: 86 Wood, Thomas atte, Colchester bailiff  (15th cent.) 21:
106
wood charcoal see charcoal wood  remains
prehistoric (general), Grays Thurrock, William Edwards
School29:21
Neolithic, Gilston, Harlow 22: 162, 164 Iron Age
Asheldham Camp 22:24,34-5,34
Stansted Airport, Car Park 22: 159; 25: 44 Roman
Colchester, Osborne Street 25: 47,48
Heybridge
Elms Farm 26: 250
Langford Road 28:21
'box burials' 28: 27
Upminster, Hunts Hill Farm 27: 270 Anglo-Saxon
Blackwater estuary 29: 274-82  (inc. illustr.)
Collins Creek 24: 193, 196, 209; 29: 275-6, 275, 281
Nass, The 29: 276, 279,280,281
Holbrook Bay, Stour estuary 29: 280 medieval
Colchester, Osborne Street 25: 48-9, 50, 51,53
CressingTemple, Granary 25: 79, 104 Maldon
High Street
Moot Hall (to north) 28: 133
Post Office 23: 149, 150, 152
Rainham, Brookway Allotments 24: 205 Waltham Abbey
Church Street 24: 111 Longpool30:221-2
post-medieval Colchester
Angel Yard 27:51
Osborne Street 25: 51, 59
St Peters House, St Peters Street 30: 213 CressingTemple, Granary 25: 79, 81, 82, 85, 86, 87,
89-92, 91, 102-3
Leytonstone, Thorne Close Avenue Estate 28: 300, 304
Rochford, South Street 28: 186
Stebbing, Church of St Mary the Virgin 28: 122 Tilbury Fort 21: 138
Waltham Abbey/Waltham Holy Cross, Royal Ordnance
Works 26: 246
Walthamstow, St Mary's Church, coffins/coffin-lining 28:259,260
Weald, South, St Peter's Church, coffms/coffm-lining 28:
265
not precisely dated
Barking, West Bank/Highbridge Road, Formula 1 Hotel 27:263
Blackwater estuary 24: 193-4; 26: 228, 229
Bradwell-on-Sea, timber stakes 28: 181
Chadwell St Mary County Primary School29: 57 Horndon-on-the-Hill, High Road, Mayfield Cottage 25:
231
Maldon, High Street (Post Office) 23: 149, 150, 151
Manningtree, 47 High Street 23: 111





114


Index for Vblumes 21-30


wood remains, not precisely dated (cont.)
Stebbingford 27: 118
Upminster, Hunts Hill Farm 25: 252 Waltham Abbey
Cornmill stream 23: 145
Longpool 29: 207
Woolwich, North, Royal Docks Drainage Scheme 26: 245
see also charcoal; dendrochronology; timber, structural Woodbridge  Grammar  School  (Suffolk)  26: 210 Woodbury,  Little  (Wilts)  25:262
Woodford Green
Broomhill Road, late medieval/early post-medieval structures  23:  111-12
Four Trees Pond 22: 160
Harts Hospital23: 110
medieval tenements 23: 110
17th cent. house 23: 110
Brewhouse, the 23: 110 Woodham   Ferrers
medieval manor 30: 148, 149, 151
'Edwards' ('Edwins Hall'), Tudor house 24: 151 Sandes/Sandis family 24: 151-2
Woodham Mortimer 25: 220; 30: 181, 187
Woodham Waiter
Neolithic stone axe 21: 118
late Bronze Age/Iron Age features 26: 78 St Michael's Church 22: 172; 25: 125, 131
Woodham Waiter Hall (site of) 22: 170; 30: 178-95 (inc. illustr.)
Bunsay Downs golf course 30: 181, 186
fish-ponds30: 182-6,183-5,189,190,193
Hawkyns Farm/Lodge 30: 181, 182, 186, 190, 191, 194
Lodge Farm 30: 178, 181
Oak Farm (formerly Oak Warren/Royal Oak, later Woodham Waiter Hall) 30: 178, 181, 182,
186, 191, 194, 195
Bronze Age gold torcs 23: 99, 113; 25: 1-2, 1
old church site 22: 17Q-3; 30: 181, 186, 190, 191, 193
medieval grave cover fmd 22: 17Q-3, 171; 30: 186
parkland 30: 178, 180, 181-2, 183-4, 190
Place Farm barn 30: 186
Tobits 30: 190
Warren Farm (House) 30: 178, 181, 182, 186, 194, 195
Whitehouse Farm 30: 181
Wilderness, The (now Falconer's Lodge) 30: 178, 180,
181, 187, 190, 193
woodlands see forests and woodlands Woodside Industrial Park see Birchanger woodworking   and  carpentry
general
early medieval houses with cross-wings 24: 118-21, 119
geometric techniques 25: 111
spires, changing joints in 29: 284-6,285, 287
medieval
Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, Holy Trinity Church 29: 76,
87-8,99
CressingTemple, Barley Barn 26: 271-2, 272-3
Fryeming, aisled barn 26:274-5 Heybridge Hall 29: 234
Sandon, StAndrew's Church, doorway 25:281-4,
282-3
13th cent., Maldon, All Saints' Church, spire 24: 136-48 (inc. illustr.)
13th/14th cent., Bradwell-on-Sea, Bradwell Hall27: 327


workhouses


14th cent.
Sampford, Great, St Michael's Church 25: 275, 277
Wethersfield, Great Codham Hall 28: 243 14th/15th cent.
Hawkwell, St Mary's Church 29: 255, 258
Maldon, Silver Street, Blue Boar Hotel 30: 243 15th cent.
Maldon High Street, King's Head 27:218
Orsett, Old Hall Farm 27: 278
Writtle, Lordship Barn 28: 245
15th cent. (circa), Hocking Hall, barn 23: 158-9, 158
15th/16th cent.
Colchester, The Red Lion Hotel25: 136, 141, 144, 146,
150,151,152-3,154,156-7
Netteswellbury, Monks Barn 28: 234, 236
16th/17th cent.
Castle Hedingham, StJames Street, High House 28:
232,233,234
Cressing, Hungry Hall 28: 162
Littlebury Hall 26: 280-4
Toppesfield, The Cottage, 59 The Causeway 30: 245 17th cent.
Cressing, Hawbush Green, Bakery Cottage 30: 238
Harlowbury, water mill remains (poss.) 22: 155 Helions Bumpstead, Boblow House 28: 238 Maldon High Street, King's Head 27: 220 Stebbing, Church of St Mary the Virgin 28: 123
17th/18th cent.
Cressing, New House Farm 28: 158
CressingTemple, Granary 25: 86, 102 18th cent.
Lambourne, Church of St Mary and All Saints 28: 254
Terling Hall Farm, cartlodge 29: 244 20th cent.
Cullens and successors, CressingTemple, Granary 25:
102-3
H. & K. Mabbitt in Birdbrook Church 22: 132-7,133, 134-6
not precisely dated,Wickham Bishops, Timber Trestle Railway Viaduct 28: 186
see also timber, structural woollen    industry
Roman 26: 76-7; 28: 86
French wars, female employment in 27: 227, 228-9 woollen  shrouds, post-medieval28:   122 Woolverstone  Hall estate  (Suffolk)  23:  169
Woolwich, pottery kilns 23: 53, 54, 55 Woolwich, North
Milk Street, Roman features 28: 209
Royal Docks Drainage Scheme 26: 245
Woolwich Arsenal, London 25: 198
Wootton, William, apothecary at Audley End 23: 72
Worcester Cathedral25: 176-7 workhouses
and treatment of paupers 26: 198; 30: 202-4 and work of Frederic Chancellor 26: 211-12
Billericay, St Andrew's Hospital (formerly Union Workhouse) 30: 212, 227
Chelmsford
House of Correction 27: 233
Union Workhouse (now St}ohn's Hospital) 26: 212 Chipping Ongar 29: 151, 152
Children's Cottage Home 30: 204
Dagenham 26: 201
Dunmow, Great 26: 212





115



workhouses


workhouses (cont.)
Epping, St Margaret's Hospital 30: 212, 228 Maldon (now St Peter's Hospital) 26: 212 Saffron Walden  30: 203,212,229
West Ham 28: 301
Writtle 27: 231
see also poor relief World Wars
and National Mapping Project 25: 234, 237; 28: 195
and Victoria Cross holders (book reviews) 24: 244; 28:
316-17
WW1
airfields see airfields Fryerning  Hall 26: 274
WW22S:256-7;26:231,234;28:315;29:    187
general, World War Two Defences Survey 26: 234, 256,
257; 27: 274-5, 275; 28: 195, 200-1; 29: 186,
191-3,192;30:206-8
A127 Southend Road 29: 191, 193 airfields see airfields
Asheldham Camp features 22: 14, 17
Audley End, anti-tank blocks 26: 256, 257; 27: 274
Benfleet, North 29: 191
Blackwater, River 28: 200,201
Bowers Gifford 29: 191
Bradwell-on-Sea, Othona Community site, tank traps 25: 64, 65, 70
Brightlingsea marshes, anti-glider ditches 28: 195
Bures, anti-tank obstacle 29: 192
Burnham-on-Crouch, minefield control tower 25: 256
Chappel Viaduct 29: 191
Chelmsford 25: 237; 29: 191, 197 Chesterford, Great
GHQ Line 27: 274
spigot mortar sites 26: 256; 28: 219 Colchester
anti-glider ditches 28: 195
defence sites 29: 191
East Bridge 29: 192
wartime bombing damage 25: 52
Colne, River, anti-invasion defences 28: 195
Colne estuary, anti-glider ditches 28: 195
Dengie, anti-aircraft batteries (Diver sites) 27: 255 Dovercourt, anti-aircraft battery 29: 186
Dunmow, Great, aircraft crash site 28: 50 Epping Forest, defence ring 26: 256; 30: 202
Frinton 27: 275
GHQ (General Headquarters) Line 26: 256; 27: 274;
29: 191;30:206
Hamford Water, defences 29: 186
Harwich 28: 200-1; 29: 186
Beacon Hill fort 29: 212
Stanier Line 28: 200
Jaywick 28: 201
Lea, River, anti-aircraft gun platform 25: 257 Lee-over-Sands 28: 20 1
London, Outer London Defence Ring 26: 256 Mersea, East, artillery 25: 256
Mersea Island 29: 191
decoy bunker 25: 256
Nazeing,Alan-Williams turret 25:257
Osea Island 28: 20 1
St Osyth 28: 20 1
Shoeburyness 27: 255
Southend Airport wartime buildings 30: 214


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


Springfield, anti-tank ditch 30: 215
Tilbury, East, Bowater's Farm, Buckland, anti-aircraft battery 26: 255-6
Tilbury, West, spigot mortar pits 26: 256
Tilbury Docks, WW2 Mulberry harbour caissons and PLUTO 26: 256
Tilty 27: 274
spigot mortar base 27: 275
TollesburyWick Marsh, poss. minefield 27: 274 Wakering, Great, Alexandra Road, gun emplacement 26:
244; 28: 1, 10
Walthamstow, Boundary Road Estate, barrage balloon shed  24:201
Walton-on-the-Naze 27: 275
Weald, South, Camp, training area 26: 42, 43, 46, 53, 55,
60, 61,64
see also Waltham Abbey/Waltham Holy Cross (Royal Ordnance Works)
see also air-raid shelters; airfields; artillery; Cold War; Essex Redoubt, Ongar; forts; Harwich (defences); hillforts; Martello towers; pill-boxes
Worlington (Suffolk), iron woolcombs 26: 77 Wormingford
StAndrew's Church 26:218
human bone 25: 232
Wormingford Mere 29: 186
Worrall, Thomas,  17th cent. gunpowder manufacturing  23: 57
worsted industry 27: 228, 229
Wotton (Bucks) 25: 190 Wrabness
aerial reconnaissance 27: 251
Hall Farm 26:247
Stone Point, Mesolithic/Neolithic flintwork 27: 248
Wright,John (15th cent. Colchesterbailitl) 21: 106 Wright, John (18th cent. Cressing landowner) 28: 156 Wright, Rev. Paul, vicar ofUgley (c. 1740s) 24: 155 Wright, Thomas (historian) 24: 157
Wright family, of Hatfield Peverel 26: 279 Writtle
landscape history and settlement 26: 133, 140-1, 140, 144
Roman features, poss. road 27: 3 medieval period
and Bruce (Brus) family 26: 171; 27: 3
hermitage at 'Bedemansberg' 27: 1, 3
royal forest 27: 1, 3
royal manor 26: 130, 140-1, 140, 171; 27: 1, 3
sgraffito ware 23: 51,53 19th cent.
Baker's mapping 25:223
'Longmeads' (private house) 26: 215
workhouse 27: 231
Birch Spring, Highwood, late Iron Age enclosure 27: 1-12 (inc. illustr.)
Hylands House 29: 204; 30:212,226
the walled kitchen garden 28: 215
King John's Hunting Lodge/Palace 21: 101; 23: 99, 110; 24:
122-4,123,224-8,225,227-8;26:14    141,
171;27:3;28:286,289;30:77
chapel 24: 124
farm24: 124
gate-house 24: 124
'Great Chamber' 24: 224, 225, 228
kitchen 24: 124
Lordship Barn 28: 228, 245-6, 246





116


Index for Vblumes 21-30


Writtle (cont.)
Lordship Road, Kitts Croft 30: 217
Parish Church of All Saints 26: 227-8; 27: 3
TheArchaeology of Essex Proceedings of the Writtle Conference
(book review) 28:314-15
see also Mill Green
Writtle Agricultural College
medieval and post-medieval features 25: 252-3
see also Writtle (King John's Hunting Lodge/Palace) above
Wyburd, Edward, and Tottenham Mills 23: 59, 60
Wye, Henry (Protestant martyr) 26: 198
Wymer, J. J. and Brown, N. R., Excavations  at North Shoebury: settlement and economy in south-east Essex 1500 BC toAD 1500 (book review) 27:
338-9
Wymondley, Little (Herts), barn at 27: 187
Wynter's Armourie, Magdalen Laver, cross-wing house 24: 120
Wyro,John, Colchester town clerk (15th cent.) 24: 129, 130
Wyseman, William, Colchester will (1557) 22: 93


Ythancaestir


Yeldham, Upper Yeldham Hall Malthouse 29: 190 Yeldham,   Great
Applegates 28: 247,248
Butler's Grove, enclosure 27: 252
High Street 28: 209
medieval manors 21: 49
Old Hall Cottages see Old Post Office Cottages below
Old Post Office Cottages, detached kitchen 26: 174-91 (inc. illustr.); 28: 113
medieval features 26: 174, 176-7, 178, 180
late medieval/post-medieval  features 26: 177-80, 178, 180
early post-medieval (post-kitchen) 26: 181, 182-3
later post-medieval (store) 26: 181--4, 182-3
finds26: 184-7,185
Yong, John, master, Gild of St Helen, Colchester (15th cent.) 21: 104
York, Carmelite Friary 30: 133 York, Duke of see James Young, Arthur  29:  145
Ythancaestir see  Bradwell-on-Sea



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