Welcome to ESAH160 the blog of the 'Essex Society for Archaeology and History'. ESAH160 is here to raise the profile of our organisation and everything of historical interest in the county of Essex in England. Founded as the 'Essex Archaeological Society' in Colchester in 1852, we are one of the longest running in Britain.
News: Now available. Proceedings of the Chelmsford Conference £15. A review of recent archaeology in Essex. Our Annual Report 2014 may be viewed online. Members of the Essex Society for Archaeology and History may subscribe to digital downloads of our back catalogue of publications. Use Contact Form for more information.
Just published. Available price £15.00 including P&P to a UK address.
Essex Society for Archaeology and History
Transactions. Fourth Series. Volume 6 (2015) (396 pages)
Obituary. Peter Joseph Huggins, 1926-2016: Stan Newens … 1
Obituary. Kenneth James Neale, 1922-2016:
H Martin Stuchfield … 3
Life at the floodplain edge: Terminal Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic flint
scatters and early prehistoric archaeology along the Beam River Valley: Carl Champness, Michael Donnelly, Ben M Ford
& Andrew Haggart … 5
Excavation of Prehistoric, Roman and Medieval remains at Priors Green, Takeley,
Essex, 2006 to 2010: Mark Germany,
Robert Masefield & Adrian Scruby … 46
A Survey of Selected Late Iron Age and Roman Sacred Sites in Eastern England,
with particular reference to Essex: E W
Black … 106
Harlow Roman Temple and other Essex temples: a numismatic study: Mark Curteis … 164
An Early Roman Cremation Cemetery at Haslers Lane, Great Dunmow: Mark Atkinson … 189
A Roman crop-processing enclosure at Great Tey, and other sites on the Cressing
to Great Horkesley Anglian Water trunk main: rescue excavations 1998: Patrick Allen & Stuart Gibson … 235
Two sites within the vicinity of Roman Dunmow: Newton Works and Brookfield Farm
excavations, 2003-04 … Mark Germany, Ben Barker & David Maynard … 266
Archaeological Investigations at Prior’s Hall, Widdington, 2004 and 2007: Trevor Ennis … 275
Late Saxon and Medieval Occupation at the former Bus Station, 148-152 High
Street, Maldon: Excavations 1999: Trevor Ennis … 289
The two burhs of Maldon, Essex, and their antecedents: Jeremy Haslam … 312
Modelling Patronage: the Chronology and Financing of the Perpendicular Work at
St Mary, Saffron Walden: Gabriel Byng … 329
Prittlewell Priory since 1536: owners, tenants and history: Ken Crowe … 344
Archaeological Fieldwork Summaries 2015: Paul Gilman (ed.) … 366
A Romanised Section of the Icknield Way at Great Chesterford: Pat Moan … 378
Essex Industrial Archaeology Group: Tony Crosby … 384
Excavations along the M25: Prehistoric, Roman and Anglo-Saxon Activity between
Aveley and Epping, Essex: Nigel Brown … 386
Alien Cities. Consumption and the Origins of Urbanisation in Roman Britain:
Nick Wickenden … 387
Medieval Lawyer: Clement Spice of Essex:
Jennifer Ward … 388
The Thames Iron Works, 1837-1912: a Major Shipbuilder on the Thames: Adrian Corder-Birch … 388
Earls Colne’s Early Modern Landscapes:
Jane Pearson … 389
Alan Sorrell: the Life and Works of an English Non-Romantic Artist: Nigel Brown
Under Fire: Essex and the Second World War 1939-45: Martyn Lockwood … 391
In Quest of a Fairer Society: My Life in Politics: Adrian Brown … 391
Essex Bibliography: Andrew Phillips
& Paul Sealey … 393
Now issued four times a year, members of the Essex Society for Archaeology and History will have received their copy of the Newsletter (NL182) a fortnight ago which includes details of the forthcoming Annual General Meeting to be held at Silver End Village Hall on Saturday 17 June at 2pm.
This edition includes:
- From the President
- Historic Pubs Come Under Planning Protection
- Lost Landscapes: Reconstructing Medieval Essex, 19 March 2017. A report of the Conference held at Essex Record Office
- 800th Anniversary of the Charter of the Forest 1217
- Nelson and the Vicar of Southminster - the Rev. Alexander John Scott
- William Dugard, Schoolmaster of Colchester 1637 -1642/3
- The Ongar Theatre in 1790
- Alderford Mill, Sible Hedingham
- Gustav Holst, Conrad Noel and the Whitsun Festivals (Part 2)
- Bulmer Brick and Tile Works
- The Society grants £1000 to Roman Circus House
- Events in Essex
-- Royal Gunpowder Mills
-- Battle of Assandun Dig
- Essex Seen From Elsewhere
-- Train Returns to National Railway Museum, York
- Callout to Volunteers
-- Industrial Heritage Fair, 7 October 2017
-- Ex Congress
- Readers' Letters
-- Stondon Massey Rectory
-- Henry Fitzroy Burial
-- Colin Richard Kirwan, 1924-2016
-- Beryl Board F.R.Hist.S.
-- Olive Grace Earnshaw, 1942-2017
- Book Reviews
-- Library Policy
-- A Dictionary of Suffolk Place-Names, by K Briggs and K Kilpatrick. English Place-name Society Popular Series Vol. 6. Suffolk Archaeology & History Society. 214 pages £14
-- Medieval Graffiti. The Lost Voices of England's Churches, by Matthew Champion. Ebury Press. 2015. 253 pages. £14.99
The Essex Society for Archaeology and History will be an exhibitor at the Local and Family History Day to be held at Galleywood Heritage Centre, CM2 8TR, on Saturday 3 June 2017, 10am - 4pm. Entry is free. For event details and speaker see below.
Hunting 'witches' in early modern Europe. What sort of people were prosecuted as 'witches' in Europe between c. 1420 and 1780, and why? What can we learn about early modern society from witch-trials and what was their historical impact? Professor Rowlands answers these questions using detailed archival records and case studies
Programme starts at 6pm followed by a drinks reception from 7.15pm
Lakeside Theatre, Colchester Campus.
Free admission and open to all.
Professorial Inaugural Lectures
Our Professorial Inaugural Lecture series celebrates excellence in research undertaken by our recently appointed professors. It's a privilege to have leading global thinkers at our University and through this lecture series we are keen to share our very best research, to exchange ideas and inspire you. Conducting internationally significant research means our lecturers always have their fingers on the pulse and academics at Essex are at the forefront of the latest research findings and emerging trends. Our new professors will offer enlightening explanations on their own specialist subjects in areas such as sociology, politics, health and human sciences, psychology, computer science and electronic engineering, history, biological sciences, sports science and economics.
There is an additional visit this
year to the Royal Gunpowder Mills in Waltham Abbey. The Gunpowder Mills are not
open to the public on this day. The cost will be £13.00 per person, and
includes entry, land train tour (which lasts 45 mins and allows you access to
areas you are not allowed during opening times) and refreshments, which will be
available all day. A minimum number of 20 is required to qualify for the group
booking rate. There is free parking at the site. All bookings to be made
through the usual channel to Dr Graham Gould.
The Essex Society for Archaeology and History has an enthusiasm for the understanding of the county's past so became concerned when it was announced that one of the jewels of archives, the Essex Record Office, faced cuts in service and an aim to 'break even' over the course of time. The Society took the unusual step of making a Freedom of Information request to Essex County Council portfolio holders. Here published is the response which will no doubt be of interest to our members but also members of the public who care about the facilities provided.
Essex County Council
PO Box 11 County Hall Chelmsford Essex CM1 1 LX
Mr A Corder-Birch DL
The Essex Society for Archaeology & History
Dear Mr Corder-Birch
20 March 2017
I understand that the formal response to your Freedom of Information (FOI) request has been sent to you today.
However, I recognise that this response will raise as many questions as it provides answers. That is why I would have preferred to give the information within the context of a meeting, and why I hope now you will agree to have the conversation rather than engage in yet more correspondence.
From my point of view there are several goals:
1. To ensure that an excellent service continues to be available for the residents of Essex.
2. To ensure that it is provided in the most cost effective way. Excellent services are worth paying for and my aspiration around "break even" is that there is sufficient demand, and that — where appropriate, not including legal obligation — each unit of service provision attracts income at least equivalent to its marginal cost;
3. We retain commitment and expertise of our staff.
I do hope to hear from you shortly with a view to arranging a meeting in County Hall. The contact number for my office is 03330 131026.
Cllr-John Spence CBE DL
Cabinet Member for Finance, Commercial, Traded Services, Housing and Planning.
Information Act / Environmental Information Regulations Request
providing associated services within the £ figures cited in ‘1’ and ‘2’, above
Duplicate Certificates service (ie birth, marriage
and death certificates): 4 FTE
Conference centre, building operations and
security: 3.5 FTE
recently reviewed the Searchroom public opening hours (with effect from April
2017) to reflect user demand and these have been publicised separately during
February. We will continue to review our overall service delivery model, costs,
efficiencies and resourcing as part of the future planning referred to in ‘4’,
Question 6 - WILL THERE
BE AN OPPORTUNITY FOR PUBLIC CONSULTATION ON ANY PLANS THAT AFFECT THE ERO?
I can confirm
that Essex County Council does hold this information. Only when any plan is
developed, following the internal review later this year, can we determine the
need for public consultation. In that case we will, of course, engage key
stakeholders such as Essex Society for Archaeology & History
The Essex Record Office is making significant changes to its search room opening times with effect from Tuesday 4 April 2017. Typically there will be a three day week, after which the lights will go out, but every fourth week there will be a long week when the search room will be open from Tuesday to Saturday. The timetable is not straightforward and requires forward planning before making a visit to avoid disappointment. Click here to follow link to the ERO site.
Members of the Essex Society for Archaeology and History will be interested to know this information. The link is therefore posted on the side bar of the blog for future reference.
The penultimate talk of
the Essex Branch of the Historical Association will be held on Saturday 8th
April 2017 at 2.30pm at the Trinity Methodist Church, Rainsford Road,
Chelmsford, CM1 2XB. The talk is entitled:
Aspects of Iron Age & Roman
Given by Dr Patrick Denney,
Visiting Fellow, Dept. of
History, Univ. of Essex
Colchester was both the
Iron Age and Roman capital of Britain. When the Romans arrived in 43AD
they began by constructing a legionary fortress on the site of the modern day
town, before later converting it into a Colonia for retired veterans from the
Roman army. The talk will highlight some of the major archaeological
finds from the Roman town and fortress which, collectively, have done so much
to help shape our knowledge of Roman Colchester.
Patrick Denney is one of
the leading Colchester historians and has written numerous articles and books
on the history of Colchester. He is an active member of the Colchester
Recalled Oral History Group and Secretary of the Friends of Colchester Museums.
He is also a Regional Blue Badge Tourist Guide.
The Essex Society for Archaeology and History, with the Essex Places Names Project, was pleased to sponsor a conference, 'Lost Landscapes: Reconstructing medieval Essex' held at the Essex Record Office today, Saturday 18 March 2017.
Medieval Essex was a land of rich variety, including estuaries and marshland, coastline and rivers, royal forests and ancient countryside. The landscape around us can seem like a fixed and permanent thing but it is, in fact, ever-changing, shaped by both natural and human forces. Today, expert speakers will explore how the landscape of medieval Essex shaped the lives of the people who lived there, and how they in turn shaped the environment around them.
Registration and refreshments
Dr Jim Galloway – Storms, floods and fisheries: the Thames marshes in the later middle ages
Tea and coffee
Dr James Kemble – How the Essex Placenames database can help your research
Paul Mardon – What’s in a name? What names tell us about places
Graham Jolliffe – Reconstructing an Essex medieval deer park
Dr Christopher Thornton – The ‘Wick’ farms of St Osyth
Prof. Stephen Rippon – Early medieval estates in Essex
A little about our speakers…
Dr Jim Galloway is an independent researcher specialising in medieval economic and environmental history. Formerly of the Institute of Historical Research, University of London, he now lives in Ireland and is a Visiting Lecturer at Carlow College.
Paul Mardon has been a volunteer with the Essex Place Names Project since 2009 and has worked on a number of parishes across the county. He also gives talks to local groups and provides advice and guidance to volunteer recorders.
Dr James Kemble studied Landscape and Archaeology at Cambridge and London and has a degree in Archaeological Sciences. He is Coordinator of the Essex Place-Names Project.
Graham Jolliffe is a Research Data Manager at the Institute for Social and Economic Research at the University of Essex. He is the co-founder and Chairman of the Stebbing Local History Society which was established in 1995. He has done a considerable amount of original research on Stebbing which has been distributed through the society’s own publications. Since 2013 he has been working with Professor L. R. Poos of the Catholic University of America to transcribe, interpret and map the medieval and Tudor manorial documentary evidence for Stebbing – today's talk was a product of that research.
Dr Christopher Thornton is County Editor of the Victoria County History of Essex, Chairman of the Friends of Historic Essex and has been involved with the Essex Place Names Project since its launch. His research on Essex has ranged from medieval buildings, settlement and field systems to the history of modern seaside resorts. Most recently he has been investigating the history of the parish, market town and abbey of St Osyth for next volume of the VCH.
Prof. Stephen Rippon is Professor of Landscape Archaeology at the University of Exeter, although he was born and brought up in Essex. His most recent book – The Fields of Britannia – explored the extent of continuity in land-use from the Roman through to the early medieval periods. He is currently researching the development of territorial structures (kingdoms, civitates, counties, and estates) across eastern England.